Commercial Diplomatic Policy and Practice: a practitioner’s perspective

  • Roger Carrick


Properly to understand what the Foreign Office and Foreign and Commonwealth (FCO) have done for British commerce in modern times, it is right to glance briefly at the past. Early diplomacy and espionage, under Queen Elizabeth I, were crucially commercial in their objectives. The Turkey Company, created for purely commercial reasons, established an embassy in Constantinople. Its later Letters Patent and Charter of 1581 added political force and objectives to its commercial diplomatic role.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger Carrick
    • 1
  1. 1.ExmoorEnglandUK

Personalised recommendations