The Four-C Model of Creativity: Culture and Context

  • Max Helfand
  • James C. Kaufman
  • Ronald A. Beghetto
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Creativity and Culture book series (PASCC)


In this chapter, we highlight the Four-C Model of creativity, which traces creative development from mini-c (personal creativity) to little-c (everyday creativity) to Pro-c (expert creativity) to Big-C (genius creativity). We highlight the role of culture at each stage of the four C’s and pay particular attention to the transitions between each level of the model. We highlight such concepts as creative metacognition and feedback.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Max Helfand
    • 1
  • James C. Kaufman
    • 1
  • Ronald A. Beghetto
    • 1
  1. 1.Neag School of EducationUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

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