True-Crime, Crime Fiction, and Journalism in Mexico

  • Persephone Braham
Chapter
Part of the Crime Files book series (CF)

Abstract

Braham argues that the violent excesses produced by two related events—the ongoing narco-wars that have resulted in thousands of deaths across Mexico, and the unsolved killings of women in the border city of Ciudad Juárez—not only dominate Mexican crime fiction, but produce new, hybridized forms of writing, as the boundaries between journalism, nota rojas (“extensive compilations of anecdotes of violence), self-published narco tales, and crime fiction are systematically degraded. As such, focusing on the violence of the narco wars and the Juárez murders allows Braham to do several things at once: to demonstrate the way in which the victims of these murders came to be perceived as fodder for (or waste products of) the ongoing crisis in the country and of the “machine” of globalization; to show how contemporary Mexican crime narratives blend fictional and non-fictional elements in a way that reflects the ‘tabloidization’ of crime in Mexico during the era of narco-terrorism, and to highlight the extent to which violence in contemporary Mexico exceeds the boundaries (and control) of the state, which means that crime narratives needs to be similarly expansive in describing the varieties of neoliberal violence. Braham’s far-reaching analysis of the complex intersections between different forms of writing, and the events that have produced them, successfully illuminates the circumstances and mechanisms underlying the current crisis, noting both the degradation of certain forms of narrativization, and the efforts of a writer like Roberto Bolaño, to mirror and adapt to these degradations, in order to critically reflect on the crisis.

Bibliography

  1. ‘Narcos’ atacan estación de Televisa.’ BBCMundo. January 20, 2009. Web. 25 May 2014.Google Scholar
  2. “¿Qué quieren de nosotros?” Diario de Juárez. September 19, 2010. Web. 12 December 2014.Google Scholar
  3. Aguilar, Juan Carlos. 2014. Cierra Alarma! y al mes fallece su director de infarto fulminante en Metro Balderas. Al momento. March 23. Web. 15 May 2014.Google Scholar
  4. al-Gharbi, Musa. 2014. Mexican drug cartels are worse than ISIL. AlJazeera America, October 20. AlJazeera.com. Web. 12 December 2014.Google Scholar
  5. Arvide, Isabel. 1996. Muerte en Juárez. Mexico, DF: Grupo Editorial Siete. Print.Google Scholar
  6. Baltazar, Elia and Daniela Pastrana. 2011. The Mexican Press at the Crossroads of Violence: Last Year ‘We Declared Ourselves War Correspondents in Our Own Land’. Nieman Reports 65(1): 64–65. Print.Google Scholar
  7. Bolaño, Roberto. 2004. 2666. Barcelona: Anagrama. Print.Google Scholar
  8. Buscan prohibir se fomente admiración por riqueza de narcos. El Universal, October 16, 2011. Web. 12 December 2014.Google Scholar
  9. Cedillo, Juan Alberto. 2013. Acusan a la bloguera ‘Lucy’ de lucrar con la información de reporteros. Proceso, May 20. Web. 12 December 2014.Google Scholar
  10. Corona, Ignacio, and Héctor Domínguez-Ruvalcaba. 2010. Gender Violence at the U.S.–Mexico Border: Media Representation and Public Response. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. Print.Google Scholar
  11. Curtis, Bryan. 2010. Mexico’s Most Shameless Tabloid. The Daily Beast, June 6. Web. 25 May 2014Google Scholar
  12. Dan ‘bienvenida’ a los Caballeros Templarios en Guanajuato. Proceso. August 20, 2012. Web. 25 May 2014.Google Scholar
  13. Daulerio, A.J. Electronic Correspondence with Author, 22 May 2014.Google Scholar
  14. Diehn, Sonya Angélica. 2014. Outrage over 'Twitter murder' in Mexico. DW, October 24. Web. 25 June 2015.Google Scholar
  15. González Rodríguez, Sergio, and Roberto García Bonilla. 2004. La inocencia sepultada: Entrevista con Sergio González Rodríguez. Espéculo. Revista de estudios literarios 26. Print.Google Scholar
  16. Gutiérrez, Carlos A. 2011. Narco and Cinema: The War Over Public Debate in Mexico. e-misférica 8(2). Web. 12 December 2014.Google Scholar
  17. Hallin, Daniel. 2000. La nota noja: periodismo popular y transición a la democracia en México. América Latina, Hoy 25: 35–43. Print.Google Scholar
  18. Hastings, Deborah. 2013. Bodies pile up as Mexican drug cartels kill and dismember journalists. New York Daily News, May 6. Web. 12 December 2014.Google Scholar
  19. Hawken, Sam. 2011. The Dead Women of Juárez. London: Serpent’s Tail. Print.Google Scholar
  20. Hernández Navarro, Luis. 2010. País de nota roja. La Jornada, June 1. Web. 4 May 2013.Google Scholar
  21. Hooks, Christopher. 2014. Q&A with Molly Molloy: The Story of the Juarez Femicides is a ‘Myth.’ Texas Observer, January 9. Web. 12 December 2014.Google Scholar
  22. Ibargüengoitia, Jorge. 1977. Las muertas. Mexico: Joaquín Mortiz. Print.Google Scholar
  23. Lane, Jill and Marcial Godoy-Anativia, eds. 2011. “#narcomachine.” e-misférica, 8(2). Web. 12 December 2014.Google Scholar
  24. Leicht, Angelica. 2014. Video Shows ‘La Tuta,’ Knights Templar Cartel Leader, Meeting With Son of Former Michoacán Governor. LatinoPost, July 30. Web. 12 December 2014.Google Scholar
  25. Lemaitre, Julieta. 2013. Violence. In Gender and Sexuality in Latin America—Cases and Decisions, ed. Cristina Motta and Macarena Saez, 177–232. Dordrecht: Springer. Print.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. También en Morelia aparecen narcomantas firmadas por Los Caballeros Templarios, Cambio de Michoacán. April 2, 2012. Web. 25 May 2014.Google Scholar
  27. Margarita, García Flores. 1979. Cartas marcadas. México: UNAM. Print.Google Scholar
  28. Mendoza, Elmer. 2008. El narcotraje es el mensaje. BBCMundo. September 22. Web. 25 May 2014.Google Scholar
  29. Mensajes en narcomantas. BBCMundo. September 20, 2008. Web. 25 May 2014.Google Scholar
  30. Morales, Miguel Ángel. 2010. Las Poquianchis. Web. 12 December 2014.Google Scholar
  31. Pérez-Espino, José. 2014. Homicidios de mujeres en Ciudad Juárez: nombres, rostros y móvil de los asesinos. Al Margen. November 25. Web. 12 December 2014.Google Scholar
  32. Pérez-Espino, José. n.d. ‘Huesos en el desierto,’ o la lucrativa teoría de la conspiración. Al Margen. Web. 12 December 2014.Google Scholar
  33. Powell, Robert Andrew. 2012. This Love Is Not for Cowards: Salvation and Soccer in Ciudad Juárez. New York: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  34. Radford, Jill, and Diana Russell. 1992. Femicide: The Politics of Woman Killing. New York: Twayne Publishers. Print.Google Scholar
  35. Raymundo, Shawn. 2014. Knights Templar, Other Mexican Drug Cartels Look For Lucrative Schemes Outside of Narcotics. Latin Post. March 21. Web. 12 December 2014.Google Scholar
  36. Reguillo, Rossana. 2011. The Narco-Machine and the Work of Violence: Notes Toward its Decodification. e-misférica 8(2). Web. 12 December 2014.Google Scholar
  37. Rodríguez Vázquez, Miguel Ángel. 2008. Interview in Vice documentary “Documenting Mexico’s Most Violent Crimes.” Web. 4 May 2013.Google Scholar
  38. Rodríguez Vázquez, Miguel Ángel. 2012. Sometimes When There is Truth There is Blood. Gawker.com. July 5. Web. 5 May 2014.Google Scholar
  39. Sarmiento, Sergio. 2009. Inhibir, estrategia de gobierno. Nexos: Sociedad, Ciencia, Literatura 31(379). Web. 29 March 2012.Google Scholar
  40. Seltzer, Mark. 2008. Murder/Media/Modernity. Canadian Review of American Studies 38(1): 11–41. Print.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sergio, González Rodríguez. 1999. Las muertas sin fin. Ciudad Juárez: misoginia sin ley. Letras libres 5: 40–45. Print.Google Scholar
  42. Sergio, González Rodríguez. 2002. Huesos en el desierto. Barcelona: Anagrama. Print.Google Scholar
  43. Sergio, González Rodríguez. 2012. The Femicide Machine. Los Angeles: Semiotexte. Print.Google Scholar
  44. Servín, J.M. 2013. Los alarmados de Alarma! Nexos: Sociedad, Ciencia, Literatura 35(428). Web. 20 May 2014.Google Scholar
  45. Shir, David A. 2005. Mexico’s New Politics: The PAN and Democratic Change. New York: Lynne Reinner. Print.Google Scholar
  46. Sugieren no reproducir mensajes de criminales. El Universal, March 8, 2012. Web. 12 December 2014.Google Scholar
  47. Univisión. 2014. “El cártel de los Caballeros Templarios lanza una advertencia en redes sociales”, September 11. Web. 12 December 2014.Google Scholar
  48. Zavala, Oswaldo. 2014. Herejes predicando en el infierno: Julián Cardona y Charles Bowden en Ciudad Juárez. La Habana Elegante, Spring–Summer. Web. 15 June 2015.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Persephone Braham
    • 1
  1. 1.Foreign Languages and LiteraturesUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA

Personalised recommendations