I.F. Stone

  • Chris Nash


The chapter gives an overview of Stone’s career leading to his isolation in the McCarthyist period of the 1950s and the launching of his independent newsletter I.F. Stones Weekly. It discusses in detail the relevant content of two books: The Hidden History of the Korean War 1950–1951 (1952) and The Trial of Socrates (1988). The arguments in both books are very precisely related to documented facts and events from highly reputable sources, the processes that are generating those facts on the ground, and the relationships that are driving the processes. In Korea, it identifies Stone’s analysis that the USA in 1951 had demonstrably lost its secure capacity to deliver an atomic weapon using bomber aircraft as the argument and revelation that were profoundly threatening to US political and military elites, and which led to twenty-eight publishers rejecting the book before it was finally accepted by one small publisher. Stone continued a successful journalistic career as an independent publisher and public intellectual through the social unrest and anti-war agitation of the 1960s and 1970s. Socrates is presented as a valedictorian exploration by Stone of the philosophical arguments for freedom of speech, and it deploys the same journalistic method of document analysis that he used in Korea. It is a very detailed account of the philosophical issues in the trial and verdict, placed in their socio-political context. Stone is not sympathetic to Socrates’ philosophy or actions in the trial, but condemns the verdict and death sentence. The chapter considers the evaluations by scholars of Stone’s arguments in both books and notes that these books were condemned by political opponents of his views at the time they were published but endorsed by subsequent scholarship.


Foreign Policy Nuclear Weapon Free Speech North Atlantic Treaty Organisation Guilty Verdict 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Baldwin, James. 1951. The challenge of the MIG. The New York Times Sunday Magazine, December 9.Google Scholar
  2. Birkhead, Douglas. 1989. Muckraking free speech: I.F. Stone and the trial of Socrates. Communication Research 16(2): 289–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Blair, Clay. 1987. The forgotten war: America in Korea, 1950–1953. New York: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  4. Burchett, Wilfred. 2013 [1953]. This monstrous war. New York: Red Star Publishers.Google Scholar
  5. Crane, Conrad. 2000. American airpower strategy in Korea, 1950–1953. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.Google Scholar
  6. Cumings, Bruce. 1981. The origins of the Korean War. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  7. ———. 1988. Preface. In The hidden history of the Korean War1950–1951, ed. I.F. Stone. 1988[1952]. Boston: Little Brown and Company.Google Scholar
  8. ———. 1990. The origins of the Korean War. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  9. ———. 1992. War and television. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  10. ———. 2011. The Korean War: A history. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  11. de Groot, Gerard. 2006. The bomb: A life. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Fehrenbach, T.R. 1963. This kind of war: A study in unpreparedness. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  13. Futrell, Robert Frank. 1983. The United States Air Force in Korea 1950–1953. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, USAF.Google Scholar
  14. Gitlin, Todd. 1989. Preface. In The trial of Socrates, ed. I.F. Stone. Boston: Little, Brown.Google Scholar
  15. Guttenplan, D. D. 2009. American radical: The life and times of I.F. Stone. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.Google Scholar
  16. Halberstam, David. 2007. The coldest winter: America and the Korean War. New York: Hyperion.Google Scholar
  17. Hastings, Max. 1987. The Korean War. London: M. Joseph.Google Scholar
  18. Huberman, Leo, and Paul Sweezy. 1951. The crisis from three angles; The consequences of American policy; Which will it be? Monthly Review2(9): 399–408.Google Scholar
  19. ———. 1952. Preface. In The hidden history of the Korean War, ed. I.F. Stone, 1950–1951. New York: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
  20. Jones, F.C. 1953. Book review. International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944–) 29(1): 124–125.Google Scholar
  21. Keeble, Richard. 2009. Introduction. In Cry Korea, ed. Reginald Thompson. London: Reportage Press.Google Scholar
  22. Knightley, Phillip. 2004. The first casualty: The war correspondent as hero and myth-maker from the Crimea to Iraq. Baltimore/London: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  23. MacPherson, Myra. 2006. All governments lie! The life and times of rebel journalist I.F. Stone. New York: Scribner.Google Scholar
  24. Middleton, Neil (ed.). 1973. The best of I.F. Stone’s weekly. Harmondsworth: Penguin.Google Scholar
  25. Millett, Paul. 2005. The trial of Socrates revisited. European Review of History: Revue européenne d’histoire 12(1): 23–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Park, Sang-Seek. 1973. Review of the hidden history of the Korean War. The American Political Science Review 67: 1456–1457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Stone, I.F. 1978. I.F. Stone interviews I.F.Stone at seventy: Izzy on Izzy. The New York Times, January 22, SM4.Google Scholar
  28. Stone, I.F. 1988. The hidden history of the Korean War 1950–1951. Boston: Little Brown.Google Scholar
  29. ——— 1989. The trial of Socrates. New York: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  30. Sweeney, Charles. 1952. Book review. The Western Political Quarterly 5(3): 515–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Thompson, Reginald. 2009. Cry Korea. The Korean War: A reporter’s notebook. London: Reportage press.Google Scholar
  32. Weber, Karl. 2006. The best of I.F. Stone. New York: Public Affairs (Perseus Book Group).Google Scholar
  33. Winnington, Alan. 1950. I saw the truth in Korea. London: People’s Press Printing Society.Google Scholar
  34. Young, Marilyn. 2009. Bombing civilians from the twentieth to the twenty-first centuries. In Bombing civilians, eds. Yuki Tanaka and Marilyn Young. New York: The New Press.Google Scholar
  35. Ziff, William. 1952. Book review. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 283: 188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chris Nash
    • 1
  1. 1.Monash UniversityCaulfield EastAustralia

Personalised recommendations