Suffering for Science and How Science Supports the End of Animal Experiments
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Experimentation that uses non-human animals is justified by its defenders on the basis of the two-fold premise that: a) non-human animals make sufficient models of human biology and diseases, and b) non-human animals lack cognitive and emotional abilities that would require higher moral consideration. The irony with this defense is that experiments that use non-human animal subjects actually reveal how the opposite is in fact true. Medical experiments conducted on non-human animals reveal how similar they are to humans in their ability to suffer, while also proving that they are unreliable for studying human diseases and improving human health.
During the preparation of this article, the author was invited to contribute to the Report of the Working Group of the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics. The labours of the Working Group, under the stewardship and editorial guidance of Andrew and Clair Linzey have subsequently been published as Normalising the Unthinkable: The Ethics of Using Animals in Research (Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics, 2015). As a consequence, a few passages in the present appear in both publications.
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