1937 in Retrospect

  • R. W. Davies
  • Mark HarrisonEmail author
  • Oleg Khlevniuk
  • Stephen G. Wheatcroft


The chapter examines the various branches and activities making up the economy in 1937. As war fears became more acute, the party leaders sought to raise the mobilisation of the society and economy against both internal and external enemies, to force the expansion of industrial production and particularly of war production, and to pour more resources into capital projects to increase the country’s industrial and defence capacities. With an increasing number of detainees held in labour camps under grim conditions, and in the absence of significant further growth of the economy’s overall capacity, there was growing resort to forced labour. Living standards remained under severe pressure. In the second half of the year, there was an unexpected bonus: a record harvest.

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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. W. Davies
    • 1
  • Mark Harrison
    • 2
    Email author
  • Oleg Khlevniuk
    • 3
  • Stephen G. Wheatcroft
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre for Russian, European, and Eurasian StudiesUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamUK
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsUniversity of WarwickCoventryUK
  3. 3.National Research University Higher School of EconomicsMoscowRussia
  4. 4.School of Historical and Philosophical StudiesUniversity of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia

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