1937 in Retrospect
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The chapter examines the various branches and activities making up the economy in 1937. As war fears became more acute, the party leaders sought to raise the mobilisation of the society and economy against both internal and external enemies, to force the expansion of industrial production and particularly of war production, and to pour more resources into capital projects to increase the country’s industrial and defence capacities. With an increasing number of detainees held in labour camps under grim conditions, and in the absence of significant further growth of the economy’s overall capacity, there was growing resort to forced labour. Living standards remained under severe pressure. In the second half of the year, there was an unexpected bonus: a record harvest.