• Mitt Nowshade Kabir
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Democracy, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship for Growth book series (DIG)


A core component of innovation is knowledge (Leonard-Barton 1995). Innovation depends on having the right knowledge at the right time. In the present digital economy, which is very different from previous stages of economic development, acceleration of knowledge growth in every industry is very high. In this new environment overwhelmed with information deluge, entrepreneurs and firms often scramble to discover the needed knowledge and incorporate to their knowledge base, so that they can exploit it for developing or refining products and compete in the marketplace. Knowledge-based social entrepreneurs in today’s rapidly changing environment where persisting social challenges are becoming even more complicated are forced to rely on new knowledge, new technology, and particularly on innovation to start new endeavors and sustain existing ventures. In this chapter, we provide a comprehensive review of innovation—a vital element for entrepreneurial success—and its complex and intertwined relationship with knowledge and technology.


  1. Abbate, J. (2001). Government, business, and the making of the internet. Business History Review, 75(1), 147–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abernathy, W. J., & Utterback, J. M. (1978). Patterns of industrial innovation. Technology Review, 80(7), 40–47.Google Scholar
  3. Abrahamsson, E. (1991). Managerial fads and fashions: The diffusion and rejection of innovations. Academy of Management Review, 16(3), 586–612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Adair, J. (1998). Leadership skills. London: CIPD Publishing.Google Scholar
  5. Adams, R., Bessant, J., & Phelps, R. (2006). Innovation management measurement: A review. International Journal of Management Reviews, 8(1), 21–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Adner, R. (2002). When are technologies disruptive? A demand-based view of the emergence of competition. Strategic Management Journal, 23(8), 667–688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Aiken, M., & Hage, J. (1971). The organic organization and innovation. Sociology, 5(1), 63–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Amabile, T. M. (1983). The social psychology of creativity: A componential conceptualization. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45(2), 357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Amabile, T. M. (1988). A model of creativity and innovation in organizations. Research in Organizational Behavior, 10(1), 123–167.Google Scholar
  10. Amabile, T. M. (1996). Creativity in context: Update to the social psychology of creativity. UK: Hachette.Google Scholar
  11. Amabile, T. M., & Grykiewicz, N. D. (1989). The creative environment scales: Work environment inventory. Creativity Research Journal, 2, 231–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Amar, A. D. (2002). Managing knowledge workers: Unleashing innovation and productivity. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group.Google Scholar
  13. Amason, A. C., Shrader, R. C., & Tompson, G. H. (2006). Newness and novelty: Relating top management team composition to new venture performance. Journal of Business Venturing, 21(1), 125–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Amburgey, T. L., Kelly, D., & Barnett, W. P. (1990, August). Resetting the clock: The dynamics of organizational change and failure. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 1990, No. 1, pp. 160–164). Briarcliff Manor, NY: Academy of Management.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Arthur, W. B. (1989). Competing technologies, increasing returns, and lock-in by historical events. The Economic Journal, 99(394), 116–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Baer, M., & Frese, M. (2003). Innovation is not enough: Climates for initiative and psychological safety, process innovations, and firm performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior: The International Journal of Industrial, Occupational and Organizational Psychology and Behavior, 24(1), 45–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Baregheh, A., Rowley, J., & Sambrook, S. (2009). Towards a multidisciplinary definition of innovation. Management Decision, 47(8), 1323–1339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bard, Jonathan F., Balachandra, R., & Kaufmann, P. E. (1988). An interactive approach to R&D project selection and termination. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 35(3), 139–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Barney, J. B., & Griffin, R. W. (1992). The management of organizations: Strategy, structure, behavior. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  20. Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1990). Transformational leadership development: Manual for the multifactor leadership questionnaire. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press.Google Scholar
  21. Bate, S. P., & Robert, G. (2003). Knowledge management and communities of practice in the private sector. Lessons for leading the “quality revolution” in health care. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  22. Benner, M. J., & Tushman, M. L. (2003). Exploitation, exploration, and process management: The productivity dilemma revisited. Academy of Management Review, 28(2), 238–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Bhuiyan, N., & Baghel, A. (2005). An overview of continuous improvement: From the past to the present. Management Decision, 43(5), 761–771.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Birkinshaw, J., & Hansen, M. T. (2007). The innovation value chain. Harvard Business Review, 85(6), 121–130.Google Scholar
  25. Boekema, F., Morgan, K., Bakkers, S., & Rutten, R. (2000). Knowledge, innovation and economic growth. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  26. Bonanno, G., & Haworth, B. (1998). Intensity of competition and the choice between product and process innovation. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 16(4), 495–510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Brown, J. S. (2005). Productive friction: How difficult business partnerships can accelerate innovation. Harvard Business Review, 83(2), 82–91.Google Scholar
  28. Brown, S. L., & Eisenhardt, K. M. (1995). Product development: Past research, present findings, and future directions. Academy of Management Review, 20(2), 343–378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Carayannis, E. G., Gonzalez, E., & Wetter, J. (2003). The nature and dynamics of discontinuous and disruptive innovations from a learning and knowledge management perspective. In L. Shavinina (Ed.), The international handbook on innovation (pp. 115–138). Oxford: Elsevier Science.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Cardinal, L. B., Alessandri, T. M., & Turner, S. F. (2001). Knowledge codifiability, resources, and science-based innovation. Journal of Knowledge Management, 5(2), 195–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Carter, C. F., & Williams, B. R. (1957). Industry and technical progress: Factors governing the speed of application of science. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Chakrabarti, A. K. (1974). The role of champion in product innovation. California Management Review, 17(2), 58–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Chen, J., Zhu, Z., & Yuan Xie, H. (2004). Measuring intellectual capital: A new model and empirical study. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 5(1), 195–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Chesbrough, H. (2003). The logic of open innovation: Managing intellectual property. California Management Review, 45, 33–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Chesbrough, H. W. (2006). Open innovation: The new imperative for creating and profiting from technology. Boston: Harvard Business Press.Google Scholar
  36. Chesbrough, H. (2010). Business model innovation: Opportunities and barriers. Long Range Planning, 43(2–3), 354–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Chesbrough, H., & Crowther, A. K. (2006). Beyond high tech: Early adopters of open innovation in other industries. R&D Management, 36(3), 229–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Chesbrough, H., Vanhaverbeke, W., Bakici, T., & Lopez-Vega, H. (2011). Open innovation and public policy in Europe. London: Science Business Publishing.Google Scholar
  39. Choi, D., & Valikangas, L. (2001). Patterns of strategy innovation. European Management Journal, 19(4), 424–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Christensen, C. (1997). The innovator’s dilemma: When new technologies cause great firms to fail. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.Google Scholar
  41. Christensen, C. M., & Raynor, M. E. (2013). The innovator’s solution: Creating and sustaining successful growth. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press.Google Scholar
  42. Clegg, C., Unsworth, K., Epitropaki, O., & Parker, G. (2002). Implicating trust in the innovation process. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 75(4), 409–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Cooper, R. G., & Edgett, S. J. (2009). Generating breakthrough new product ideas: Feeding the innovation funnel. Product Development Institute.Google Scholar
  44. Cooper, R. G., & Kleinschmidt, E. J. (1993). Stage gate systems for new product success. Marketing Management, 1(4), 20–29.Google Scholar
  45. Cooper, A. C., & Schendel, D. (1976). Strategic responses to technological threats. Business Horizons, 19(1), 61–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Daft, R. L. (1978). A dual-core model of organizational innovation. Academy of Management Journal, 21(2), 193–210.Google Scholar
  47. Daft, R. L., & Lengel, R. H. (1984). Information richness: A new approach to manage information processing and organizational design. In B. M. Staw & L. L. Cummings (Eds.), Research on organizational behavior. Greenwich: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  48. Damanpour, F. (1987). The adoption of technological, administrative, and ancillary innovations: Impact of organizational factors. Journal of Management, 13(4), 675–688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Damanpour, F. (1991). Organizational innovation: A meta-analysis of effects of determinants and moderators. Academy of Management Journal, 34(3), 555–590.Google Scholar
  50. Damanpour, F., & Evan, W. M. (1984). Organizational innovation and performance: The problem of “organizational lag”. Administrative Science Quarterly, 29, 392–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Davenport, T. H. (2013). Analytics 3.0. Harvard Business Review, 91, 64–72.Google Scholar
  52. Davenport, T. H., Prusak, L., & Wilson, H. J. (2003). What’s the big idea? Creating and capitalizing on the best management thinking. Boston: Harvard Business Press.Google Scholar
  53. De Tarde, G. (1903). The laws of imitation. New York: H. Holt.Google Scholar
  54. Den Hertog, P., Van der Aa, W., & De Jong, M. W. (2010). Capabilities for managing service innovation: Towards a conceptual framework. Journal of Service Management, 21(4), 490–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Desouza, K. C., Dombrowski, C., Awazu, Y., Baloh, P., Papagari, S., Jha, S., et al. (2009). Crafting organizational innovation processes. Innovation, 11(1), 6–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Dewar, R. D., & Dutton, J. E. (1986). The adoption of radical and incremental innovations: An empirical analysis. Management Science, 32(11), 1422–1433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Dosi, G. (1982). Technological paradigms and technological trajectories: A suggested interpretation of the determinants and directions of technical change. Research Policy, 11(3), 147–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Dougherty, D. (1992). Interpretive barriers to successful product innovation in large firms. Organization Science, 3(2), 179–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Drucker, P. F. (1985). Innovation and entrepreneurship. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  60. Edquist, C., Hommen, L., & McKelvey, M. D. (2001). Innovation and employment: Process versus product innovation. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  61. Eisenhardt, K. M., & Martin, J. A. (2000). Dynamic capabilities: What are they? Strategic Management Journal, 21(10–11), 1105–1121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Ettlie, J. E., Bridges, W. P., & O’keefe, R. D. (1984). Organization strategy and structural differences for radical versus incremental innovation. Management Science, 30(6), 682–695.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Floyd, S. W., & Lane, P. J. (2000). Strategizing throughout the organization: Managing role conflict in strategic renewal. Academy of Management Review, 25(1), 154–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Ford, C. M., & Gioia, D. A. (Eds.). (1995). Creative action in organizations: Ivory tower visions and real world voices. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  65. Freeman, H. (1974). Computer processing of line-drawing images. ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR), 6(1), 57–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Gadrey, J., Gallouj, F., & Weinstein, O. (1995). New modes of innovation: How services benefit industry. International Journal of Service Industry Management, 6(3), 4–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Galanakis, K. (2006). Innovation process: Make sense using systems thinking. Technovation, 26(11), 1222–1232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Garud, R., Tuertscher, P., & Van de Ven, A. H. (2013). Perspectives on innovation processes. Academy of Management Annals, 7(1), 775–819.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Gopalakrishnan, S., & Damanpour, F. (1994). Patterns of generation and adoption of innovation in organizations: Contingency models of innovation attributes. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 11(2), 95–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Govindarajan, V., & Kopalle, P. K. (2006). Disruptiveness of innovations: Measurement and an assessment of reliability and validity. Strategic Management Journal, 27(2), 189–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Grant, R. M. (1991). The resource-based theory of competitive advantage: Implications for strategy formulation. California Management Review, 33(3), 114–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Grant, R. M. (2016). Contemporary strategy analysis: Text and cases edition. Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
  73. Greve, H. R., & Taylor, A. (2000). Innovations as catalysts for organizational change: Shifts in organizational cognition and search. Administrative Science Quarterly, 45(1), 54–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Grönlund, J., Sjödin, D. R., & Frishammar, J. (2010). Open innovation and the stage-gate process: A revised model for new product development. California Management Review, 52(3), 106–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Hamel, G. (1998). Opinion: Strategy innovation and the quest for value. MIT Sloan Management Review, 39(2), 7–14.Google Scholar
  76. Hamel, G. (2000). Leading the revolution: How to survive in turbulent times by making innovation a way of life. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.Google Scholar
  77. Han, J. K., Kim, N., & Srivastava, R. K. (1998). Market orientation and organizational performance: Is innovation a missing link? The Journal of Marketing, 62(4), 30–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Harkema, S. (2003). A complex adaptive perspective on learning within innovation projects. The Learning Organization, 10(6), 340–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. He, Z. L., & Wong, P. K. (2004). Exploration vs. exploitation: An empirical test of the ambidexterity hypothesis. Organization Science, 15(4), 481–494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Henderson, R. M., & Clark, K. B. (1990). Architectural innovation: The reconfiguration of existing product technologies and the failure of established firms. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35, 9–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Hildreth, P. M., & Kimble, C. (Eds.). (2004). Knowledge networks: Innovation through communities of practice. Hershey: IGI Global.Google Scholar
  82. Hirukawa, H. (2015, June). Robotics for innovation. In 2015 Symposium on VLSI Circuits (pp. T2–T5). IEEE.Google Scholar
  83. Hollen, R. M. A., Van Den Bosch, F. A. J., & Volberda, H. W. (2013). Business model innovation of the Port of Rotterdam Authority (2000–2012). In Smart port perspectives: Essays in honour of Hans Smits (pp. 29–47). Rotterdam, the Netherlands: Erasmus Smart Port Rotterdam.Google Scholar
  84. Howard, W., & Guile, B. (1992). Profiting from innovation: The report from the national academy of engineering. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  85. Huggins, R. (1998). Local business co-operation and training and enterprise councils: The development of inter-firm networks. Regional Studies, 32(9), 813–826.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Hughes, T. P. (1987). The evolution of large technological systems. In W. E. Bijker, T. P. Hughes, & T. J. Pinch (Eds.), The social construction of technological systems: New directions in the sociology and history of technology (p. 82). Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  87. Huizingh, E. K. (2011). Open innovation: State of the art and future perspectives. Technovation, 31(1), 2–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Hurley, R. F., & Hult, G. T. M. (1998). Innovation, market orientation, and organizational learning: An integration and empirical examination. The Journal of Marketing, 62(3), 42–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Inkpen, A. C. (1996). Creating knowledge through collaboration. California Management Review, 39(1), 123–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Johnson, M. D. (1998). Customer orientation and market action. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  91. Johnston, R. E., & Bate, J. D. (2013). The power of strategy innovation: A new way of linking creativity and strategic planning to discover great business opportunities. AMACOM Div American Mgmt Assn.Google Scholar
  92. Kabir, N. (2016). Knowledge entrepreneurship in emerging economies. In ICIE2016-Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship: ICIE2016 (p. 103).Google Scholar
  93. Kamal, M. M. (2006). IT innovation adoption in the government sector: Identifying the critical success factors. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 19(2), 192–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Kanter, R. M. (1988). Three tiers for innovation research. Communication Research, 15(5), 509–523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Khurana, A., & Rosenthal, S. R. (1998). Towards holistic “front ends” in new product development. Journal of Product Innovation Management: An International Publication of the Product Innovation Management Association, 15(1), 57–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Kim, W. C., & Mauborgne, R. (2004). Value innovation—The straggic logic of high growth. Harvard Business Review, 82(7–8), 172–180.Google Scholar
  97. Kimberly, J. R., & Evanisko, M. J. (1981). Organizational innovation: The influence of individual, organizational, and contextual factors on hospital adoption of technological and administrative innovations. Academy of Management Journal, 24(4), 689–713.Google Scholar
  98. King, N., & Anderson, N. (1995). Innovation and change in organizations. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  99. King, N., & Anderson, N. (2002). Managing innovation and change: A critical guide for organizations. Cengage Learning EMEA.Google Scholar
  100. King, N., & West, M. A. (1987). Experiences of innovation at work. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 2(3), 6–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Kline, S. J., & Rosenberg, N. (1986). An overview of innovation. In R. Landeau & N. Rosenberg (Eds.), The positive sum strategy: Harnessing technology for economic growth. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  102. Koen, P., Ajamian, G., Burkart, R., Clamen, A., Davidson, J., D’Amore, R., et al. (2001). Providing clarity and a common language to the “fuzzy front end”. Research-Technology Management, 44(2), 46–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Kraemer, K. L., & Dedrick, J. (2008). Globalization of innovation: The personal computing industry. In 2008 Industry Studies Conference Paper.Google Scholar
  104. Krugman, P. (1998). What’s new about the new economic geography? Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 14(2), 7–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Lafley, A. G., & Charan, R. (2008). The game-changer: How you can drive revenue and profit growth with innovation. New York: Crown Business.Google Scholar
  106. Larsen, P., & Lewis, A. (2007). How award‐winning SMEs manage the barriers to innovation. Creativity and Innovation Management, 16(2), 142–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. LeBlanc, L. J., Nash, R., Gallagher, D., Gonda, K., & Kakizaki, F. (1997). A comparison of US and Japanese technology management and innovation. International Journal of Technology Management, 13(5–6), 601–614.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Leifer, R. (2000). Radical innovation: How mature companies can outsmart upstarts. Boston: Harvard Business Press.Google Scholar
  109. Lee, C. K., Tan, B., & Chiu, J. Z. (2008). The impact of organisational culture and learning on innovation performance. International Journal of Innovation and Learning, 5(4), 413–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Leiponen, A. (2006). Managing knowledge for innovation: The case of business-to-business services. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 23(3), 238–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Lengnick-Hall, C. A. (1992). Innovation and competitive advantage: What we know and what we need to learn. Journal of Management, 18(2), 399–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Leonard-Barton, D. (1995). Wellsprings of knowledge: Building and sustaining the sources of innovation. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.Google Scholar
  113. Lichtenthaler, U., & Lichtenthaler, E. (2009). A capability-based framework for open innovation: Complementing absorptive capacity. Journal of Management Studies, 46(8), 1315–1338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Lowe, G. (1995). An attack on the Needham-Schroeder public-key authentication protocol. Information Processing Letters, 56(3), 131–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Lundvall, B. A. (1992). National systems of innovation: An analytical framework. London: Pinter.Google Scholar
  116. Machlup, F. (1962). The production and distribution of knowledge in the United States (Vol. 278). Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  117. Maidique, M. A. (1980). Entrepreneurs, champions, and technological innovation. Sloan Management Review (pre-1986), 21(2), 59.Google Scholar
  118. Maidique, M. A., & Zirger, B. J. (1984). A study of success and failure in product innovation: The case of the US electronics industry. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 4, 192–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Mansfield, E., & Wagner, S. (1975). Organizational and strategic factors associated with probabilities of success in industrial R&D. The Journal of Business, 48(2), 179–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. March, J. G. (1991). Exploration and exploitation in organizational learning. Organization Science, 2(1), 71–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Mathews, S. (2010). Innovation portfolio architecture. Research-Technology Management, 53(6), 30–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Miller, D. J., Fern, M. J., & Cardinal, L. B. (2007). The use of knowledge for technological innovation within diversified firms. Academy of Management Journal, 50(2), 307–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Milliken, F. J., & Martins, L. L. (1996). Searching for common threads: Understanding the multiple effects of diversity in organizational groups. Academy of Management Review, 21(2), 402–433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Mokyr, J. (1990). Punctuated equilibria and technological progress. The American Economic Review, 80(2), 350–354.Google Scholar
  126. Mowery, D., & Rosenberg, N. (1979). The influence of market demand upon innovation: A critical review of some recent empirical studies. Research Policy, 8(2), 102–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Myers, S., & Marquis, D. G. (1969). Successful industrial innovations: A study of factors underlying innovation in selected firms. Washington, DC: National Science Foundation.Google Scholar
  128. Nelson, R. R. (1982). Government and technical progress: A cross-industry analysis. New York: Pergamon.Google Scholar
  129. Nelson, R. R., & Winter, S. G. (1982). The Schumpeterian tradeoff revisited. The American Economic Review, 72(1), 114–132.Google Scholar
  130. Nicholson, N., & West, M. (1988). Managerial job change: Men and women in transition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  131. Niosi, J. (1999). The internationalization of industrial R&D: From technology transfer to the learning organization. Research Policy, 28, 107–117.Google Scholar
  132. Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge creation company: How Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  133. Nord, W. R., & Tucker, S. (1987). Implementing routine and radical innovations. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  134. O’Reilly, C. A., III, & Tushman, M. L. (2013). Organizational ambidexterity: Past, present, and future. Academy of Management Perspectives, 27(4), 324–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Owen-Smith, J., & Powell, W. W. (2004). Knowledge networks as channels and conduits: The effects of spillovers in the Boston biotechnology community. Organization Science, 15(1), 5–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Paap, J., & Katz, R. (2004). Anticipating disruptive innovation. Research-Technology Management, 47(5), 13–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Patel, P., & Pavitt, K. (1994). National innovation systems: Why they are important, and how they might be measured and compared. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 3(1), 77–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Perrow, C. (1986). Economic theories of organization. Theory and Society, 15(1–2), 11–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Phillips, A. (1966). Patents, potential competition, and technical progress. American Economic Review, 56, 301–310.Google Scholar
  140. Pohle, G., & Chapman, M. (2006). IBM’s global CEO report 2006: Business model innovation matters. Strategy & Leadership, 34(5), 34–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Porter, M. E., & Stern, S. (2001). Innovation: Location matters. MIT Sloan Management Review, 42(4), 28.Google Scholar
  142. Powell, W. W. (1990). The transformation of organizational forms: How useful is organization theory in accounting for social change? In R. Friedland & A. F. Robertson (Eds.), Beyond the marketplace: Rethinking economy and society (pp. 301–329). New York: Aldine de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  143. Powell, W. W., Koput, K. W., & Smith-Doerr, L. (1996). Interorganizational collaboration and the locus of innovation: Networks of learning in biotechnology. Administrative Science Quarterly, 41(1), 116–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Quinn, J. B. (1985). Innovation and corporate strategy: Managed chaos. Technology in Society, 7(2–3), 263–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Ram, S. (1989). Successful innovation using strategies to reduce consumer resistance an empirical test. Journal of Product Innovation Management: An International Publication of the Product Development and Management Association, 6(1), 20–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Reichstein, T., & Salter, A. (2006). Investigating the sources of process innovation among UK manufacturing firms. Industrial and Corporate Change, 15(4), 653–682.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Roberts, E. B. (1988). What we’ve learned: Managing invention and innovation. Research-Technology Management, 31(1), 11–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Roberts, P. W. (1999). Product innovation, product–market competition and persistent profitability in the US pharmaceutical industry. Strategic Management Journal, 20(7), 655–670.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Rogers, E. M. (2010). Diffusion of innovations. New York: Simon and Schuster.Google Scholar
  150. Romanelli, E., & Tushman, M. L. (1994). Organizational transformation as punctuated equilibrium: An empirical test. Academy of Management Journal, 37(5), 1141–1166.Google Scholar
  151. Rosner, M. M. (1968). Economic determinants of organizational innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 12, 614–625.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Rosenberg, N., & Nathan, R. (1982). Inside the black box: Technology and economics. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  153. Rothwell, R. (1992). Successful industrial innovation: Critical factors for the 1990s. R&D Management, 22(3), 221–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Rothwell, R. (1994). Towards the fifth-generation innovation process. International Marketing Review, 11(1), 7–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Rowell, A. (2006). Interview with Navi Radjou. Forrester Research.Google Scholar
  156. Sarros, J. C., Cooper, B. K., & Santora, J. C. (2008). Building a climate for innovation through transformational leadership and organizational culture. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 15(2), 145–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Scheepers, R., Venkitachalam, K., & Gibbs, M. R. (2004). Knowledge strategy in organizations: Refining the model of Hansen, Nohria and Tierney. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 13(3), 201–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Schmookler, J. (1966). Invention and economic growth. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  159. Schoonhoven, C. B., Eisenhardt, K. M., & Lyman, K. (1990). Speeding products to market: Waiting time to first product introduction in new firms. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35, 177–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. Schumpeter, J. A. (1934). Change and the Entrepreneur. Essays of JA Schumpeter.Google Scholar
  161. Schumpeter, J. (1942). Creative destruction. Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, 825, 82–85.Google Scholar
  162. Seybold, P. B. (2006). Outside innovation: How your customers will co-design your company’s future. New York: Collins.Google Scholar
  163. Shelton, R. (2009). Integrating product and service innovation. Research-Technology Management, 52(3), 38–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Skarzynski, P., & Gibson, R. (2008). Innovation to the core. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.Google Scholar
  165. Smith, W. K., & Tushman, M. L. (2005). Managing strategic contradictions: A top management model for managing innovation streams. Organization Science, 16(5), 522–536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. Snyder, H., Witell, L., Gustafsson, A., Fombelle, P., & Kristensson, P. (2016). Identifying categories of service innovation: A review and synthesis of the literature. Journal of Business Research, 69(7), 2401–2408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. Staw, B. M. (1984). Organizational behavior: A review and reformulation of the field’s outcome variables. Annual Review of Psychology, 35(1), 627–666.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Surie, G., & Hazy, J. K. (2006). Generative leadership: Nurturing innovation in complex systems. Emergence-Mahwah-Lawrence Erlbaum, 8(4), 13.Google Scholar
  169. Tamer Cavusgil, S., Calantone, R. J., & Zhao, Y. (2003). Tacit knowledge transfer and firm innovation capability. Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, 18(1), 6–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. Tapscott, D., & Williams, A. (2006). Wikinomics: How mass communication changes everything. Journal of Communication, 58(1), 402–403.Google Scholar
  171. Teece, D. J. (1986) Profiting from technological innovation: Implications for integration, collaboration, licensing and public policy. Research Policy, 15(6), 285–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. Teece, D. J. (1996). Firm organization, industrial structure, and technological innovation. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 31(2), 193–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. Teece, D. J. (2010). Business models, business strategy and innovation. Long Range Planning, 43(2–3), 172–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. Tidd, J., Bessant, J., & Pavitt, K. (1997). Managing innovation: Integrating technological, organizational and market change. Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
  175. Tidd, J., Bessant, J., & Pavitt, K. (2005). Managing innovation: Integrating technological, market and organizational change. John Wiley and Sons Ltd.Google Scholar
  176. Tidd, J., Pavitt, K., & Bessant, J. (2001). Managing innovation (Vol. 3). Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
  177. Trott, P. (2008). Innovation management and new product development. London: Pearson education.Google Scholar
  178. Tushman, M. L. (1997). Winning through innovation. Strategy & Leadership, 25(4), 14–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. Tushman, M. L., & Anderson, P. (1986). Technological discontinuities and organizational environments. Administrative Science Quarterly, 31, 439–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. Tushman, M. L., & O’Reilly, C. A., III. (1996). Ambidextrous organizations: Managing evolutionary and revolutionary change. California Management Review, 38(4), 8–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. Tushman, M. L., & Romanelli, E. (1985). Organizational evolution: A metamorphosis model of convergence and reorientation. In L. L. Cummings & B. M. Staw (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior (pp. 171–222). Greenwich: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  182. Twiss, B. C. (1992). Forecasting for technologists and engineers: A practical guide for better decisions (No. 15). IET.Google Scholar
  183. Ulwick, A. W. (2002). Turn customer input into innovation. Harvard Business Review, 80(1), 91–97.Google Scholar
  184. Urban, G. L., & von Hippel, E. (1988). Lead user analyses for the development of new industrial products. Management Science, 34(5), 569–582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. Utterback, J. M., & Abernathy, W. J. (1975). A dynamic model of process and product innovation. Omega, 3(6), 639–656.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. Van de Ven, A. H. (1986). Central problems in the management of innovation. Management Science, 32(5), 590–607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. Van de Ven, A. H., Sapienza, H. J., & Villanueva, J. (2007). Entrepreneurial pursuits of self‐and collective interests. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 1(3–4), 353–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. Van der Panne, G., Van Beers, C., & Kleinknecht, A. (2003). Success and failure of innovation: A literature review. International Journal of Innovation Management, 7(03), 309–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. Vargo, S. L., & Lusch, R. F. (2004). Evolving to a new dominant logic for marketing. Journal of Marketing, 68(1), 1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. Von Hippel, E., & Finkelstein, S. N. (1979). Analysis of innovation in automated clinical chemistry analyzers. Science and Public Policy, 6(1), 24–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. von Hippel, E. (2007). Horizontal innovation networks—By and for users. Industrial and Corporate Change, 16(2), 293–315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. Webber, S. S., & Donahue, L. M. (2001). Impact of highly and less job-related diversity on work group cohesion and performance: A meta-analysis. Journal of Management, 27(2), 141–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. West, M. A. (2002). Sparkling fountains or stagnant ponds: An integrative model of creativity and innovation implementation in work groups. Applied Psychology, 51(3), 355–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. Wheelwright, S. C., & Clark, K. B. (1992). Revolutionizing product development: Quantum leaps in speed, efficiency, and quality. New York: Simon and Schuster.Google Scholar
  195. Wind, J., & Mahajan, V. (1997). Issues and opportunities in new product development: An introduction to the special issue. Journal of Marketing Research, 34(1), 1–12.Google Scholar
  196. Wooten, J., & Ulrich, K. (2015). The impact of visibility in innovation tournaments: Evidence from field experiments.Google Scholar
  197. Xu, J., Houssin, R., Caillaud, E., & Gardoni, M. (2010). Macro process of knowledge management for continuous innovation. Journal of Knowledge Management, 14(4), 573–591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. Zahra, S. A., & Covin, J. G. (1994). The financial implications of fit between competitive strategy and innovation types and sources. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 5(2), 183–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. Zhou, K. Z., Yim, C. K., & Tse, D. K. (2005). The effects of strategic orientations on technology-and market-based breakthrough innovations. Journal of Marketing, 69(2), 42–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. Zien, K. A., & Buckler, S. A. (1997). From experience dreams to market: Crafting a culture of innovation. Journal of Product Innovation Management: An International Publication of the Product Development & Management Association, 14(4), 274–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. Ziman, J. (Ed.). (2003). Technological innovation as an evolutionary process. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mitt Nowshade Kabir
    • 1
  1. 1.North YorkCanada

Personalised recommendations