Modernity and Apocalypse in Chinese Novels from the End of the Twentieth Century

  • Jeffrey C. Kinkley


Most Chinese writers and intellectuals in the first five and final two decades of the twentieth century yearned for Chinese modernity, but saw a China that was “feudal” in an era of accelerating world progress. There were also traditionalists, early on, who rejected mainstream versions of modernity that embraced Westernization and nation building.1 Their contestations of “modernity” found echoes in the 1990s talk of “alternative modernities” and “modernity with Chinese characteristics.”


Cultural Revolution Democratic Progressive Party Chinese Literature Mine Director Chinese Writer 
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© Charles A. Laughlin 2005

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  • Jeffrey C. Kinkley

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