Conclusion Becoming an East Asian State?
East Asia was never a kind of international political system described in the realist or liberal IR literature. No state in the said system was ever unproblematized. China becoming a sovereign state, for example, was the product of a historical process, which began with Japan becoming a sovereign state first. How Japan became a state is not the focus of this book, but it is clear that whether or not China would eventually become a modern state bothered Japanese leaders much more than the Western leaders. Japan’s China puzzle proved to be a revelation of Japan being a different kind of state than what the Japanese leaders once desired. Occupation, transformation, and war were natural solutions available to Japanese leaders in the face of a China that exposed Japan’s inferior oriental root.
KeywordsModern State Sovereign State Chinese Leader Chinese Foreign Policy Japanese Leader
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