The International Children’s Rights Regime
The virtually universal ratification of the 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of the Child has been hailed as inaugurating a new era of international human rights. Mobilization around children’s rights through international initiatives such as the Global Movement for Children is viewed as significant not only for child welfare but for promoting universal human rights values. The cause of children is regarded as capable of transcending national, political and social divisions and enlisting people globally to counter social problems and militate against disorder and conflict. Echoing the UN Charter’s opening declaration ‘We the Peoples’, the Secretary General’s end-of-decade review entitled We the Children encapsulates how the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is increasingly being invoked as a core international document to develop human rights protections in the new millennium (UN, 2001). The cause of children has indeed come of age. No longer confined to the agenda of international welfare organizations or human rights advocates, children have received unprecedented interest in the last decade. In all areas of international policy-making, from development strategy to security matters, the rights of children are being taken up. Even the Security Council has begun to highlight children’s issues in its deliberations, reflected in various resolutions on their behalf.2
KeywordsChild Welfare Moral Agency Parent Relationship Normative Framework International Financial Institution
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- 3.My discussion of the Anglo-American constructivist approach of self-actualization is informed by Nikolas Rose’s Governing the Soul (1999a) and Powers of Freedom (1999b), James Hunter’s The Death of Character (2000), and Thomas Popkewitz and Maria Bloch’s ‘Administering Freedom’ (2001) which provide fascinating studies of contemporary policy.Google Scholar
- 6.This section draws extensively upon the compelling analysis of contemporary parenting norms in Frank Furedi’s Paranoid Parenting (2001) and Sharon Hays’ The Cultural Contradictions of Motherhood (1996). The phrase ‘colonisation of childhood’ was coined by Furedi.Google Scholar