Complementarity of Security and Development Doctrines: Historical Cases and Aftermaths
As seen in chapter 9, the roles of the armed forces within developing countries are often heavily influenced by their interactions with governments and with the armed forces of other countries. Chapters 7 and 8 demonstrate that these relationships are even more complicated when foreign assistance is entwined with security initiatives. This chapter examines these complications through US assistance in three of its most difficult development and security challenges: Korea, Vietnam, and Chile. We also explore the aftermath of these and the more nuanced security development balance applied to today’s Venezuela as the closest Latin American parallel to Chile in the 1960s and 1970s. Thus, combined with the governance progress made in Korea and Chile, in part attributable to development policy, this chapter demonstrates that the tensions between security and development imperatives can be mitigated in the current, less ideological context.
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