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Conclusion: The United States, China, and World Order

  • Wang Jisi
  • Zhu Feng
Part of the Asia Today book series (ASIAT)

Abstract

The research presented in this book seeks to uncover different preferences that guide the United States and China in their views and handling of the world order, through its analysis of the “basket three” variables—ideas, traditions, and historical experience. Viewed against the backdrop of the rise of China and the evolving relationship between the United States and China, this research offers clues into the future interactions between these two countries and, ultimately, in the role that their relations will play in the evolution of the world order. The chapters provide portraits of how China and the United States think about world order, as that thinking emerges out of each country’s distinctive past. Together, the book seeks to construct a sweeping portrait of US-China ideas and foreign policy orientations and their implications for the evolution of the current international order.

Keywords

Foreign Policy International System World Order International Order Territorial Dispute 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    David Shambaugh, ed., Charting China’s Future: Domestic and International Challenges (London and New York: Routledge, 2012), 1.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    The notion of Sinicization largely alludes to a distinctly Chinese way to approach the world exclusively based on ancient Chinese history, identity, and philosophy. But China’s modernization process, initially driven by its defeat at the hands of British troops in 1840, has been a prolonged process toward China’s adaptation and integration into the world community. China’s ancient history and accumulated legacy eventually vanished as it further integrated into the international system first by force and later by will. For the differentiation of these two concepts, please see Jonathan D. Spence, Search for Modern China (New York: W. W. Norton, 1999).Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    As for the scholarly exploration of Chinese “Sinicized” view of the world order, please refer to John K. Fairbank, ed., The Chinese World Order: Traditional China’s Foreign Policy (Cambridge: MA: Harvard University Press, 1968)Google Scholar
  4. Hok-Lam Chan, Legitimation in Imperial China: Discussions under the Jurchen-Chin Dynasty, 1115–1234 (Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1984)Google Scholar
  5. D. R. Howland, Borders of Chinese Civilization: Geography and History at Empire’s End (Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    As for an overstated argument, please see Martin Jacques, When China Rules the World (London: Allen Lane, 2009).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Odd Arne Westad, Restless Empire: China and the World Since 1750 (New York: Basic Books, 2012).Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    Wang Jisi, “China’s Search for a Grand Strategy,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 90, No. 2 (March/April 2011): 68–79.Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    Alastair Iain Johnston, Social States: China in International Institutions, 1980–2000 (New York: Princeton University Press, 2007).Google Scholar
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    For an in-depth analysis of China’s enduring struggle to reflect on changed relations with the world, please see David Lampton, The Three Faces of China: Might, Money and Minds (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008).Google Scholar
  11. 12.
    See also F. R. Ankersmit, Historical Representation (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001), 123–148.Google Scholar
  12. 14.
    Warren I. Cohen, America’s Response to China: A History of Sino-American Relations, 5th ed. (New York: Columbia University Press, 2010).Google Scholar
  13. 15.
    Zheng Wang, Never Forget National Humiliation: Historical Memory in Chinese Politics and Foreign Relations (New York: Columbia University Press, 2012)Google Scholar
  14. Susan Shirk, The Fragile Superpower (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009).Google Scholar
  15. 16.
    James Dobbins, “The War with China,” Survival, Vol. 54, No. 4 (July/August 2012): 3–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 18.
    Ezra F. Vogel, Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of China (Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© G. John Ikenberry, Wang Jisi, and Zhu Feng 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wang Jisi
  • Zhu Feng

There are no affiliations available

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