Citizenship in Exile

  • Rowena Xiaoqing He
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Oral History book series (PSOH)


Several years ago, during a talk I gave on civic education and youth values at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, a Chinese graduate student asked me, “What made your generation believe that if you did something like that in 1989, you wouldn’t be punished? We learned from day one what the result would be if we ever try to challenge the government. How could you be so naïve as to think otherwise?”


Chinese Communist Party Civic Education Ordinary Life Political Socialization Student Leader 
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© Rowena Xiaoqing He 2014

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  • Rowena Xiaoqing He

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