Infrastructures of the Communist Party in Discourse Making and Resistances of Han Officials in Governing Uygur People
Having discussed the problematization of Xinjiang in Chapter 3 and apparatuses that emerged from the PAP in Chapter 4, in this chapter we will first address the institutional foundation of the Communist Party in discourse making, that is “the total of all material, practical, personal, cognitive, and normative infrastructure of discourse production” (Keller 2011: 56). We do this in order to understand and analysis how the Communist Party produces discourses and how power relations evolve within this system. From an organizational prospective, the Communist Party is seen as a fragmented authority because of its complex settings between the centre and the locales, and among various departments (Lieberthal and Oksenberg 1990; Unger 2002). Thus, studies found that communist officials have many “resources for resistance” and can frequently turn central mandates in favour of their own ends (O’Brien and Li 1999: 168). Unlike their approach, in this chapter we will analyse the Communist Party from the standpoint of power relations (through our focus on key individuals), rather than analysing power relations from the standpoint of institutions (Foucault 2002: 343). This is because fundamental points of anchorage between relationships must be found outside the institution; otherwise one would have to seek the explanation and the origin of power relations within the institution, by which one is led to a reproductive deciphering of mechanism functions.
KeywordsLocal Government Central Government Communist Party Chinese Communist Party Local Official
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.