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The Rise of a Human Rights Studies and Education Movement in China

  • Zhang Wei
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Religion, Politics, and Policy book series (PSRPP)

Abstract

Chinese leaders once thought that “human rights” was created to embarrass socialist societies and to mask oppression in capitalist societies. Human rights consciousness did not grow until after the government issued a call in 1991 for its development. The movement gained momentum especially via partnerships with several Scandinavian institutes. A graduate-level textbook was published in 2001, the China University of Political Science and Law established a Human Rights Institute in 2002, and the government amended the constitution in 2004 to include basic human rights. Centers propagating the idea that human rights are universal now exist in one hundred university campuses. Beginning in 2008, Chinese judges began training; over three hundred have participated to date. China’s advance owes much to Western agencies’ hospitality and partnership.

Keywords

human rights human rights studies in China rule of law 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Xiangfei Qu, “A Retrospect of Main Theories of Human Rights since the Open Policy,” Human Rights 4 (1999): 43–49. This and all following references are English translated titles of texts that are in Chinese.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yintai Dong, “The Two Public Arguments of Shaoqi Liu in the Cultural Revolution,” General Review of the Communist Party of China 1 (2012): 13–17.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Linxia Wang, “A Brief Introduction about the History and Development of Human Rights in China,” Theoretical Front in Higher Education 3 (2004): 49–52.Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    Huawen Liu, “Comments on the Textbook of International Human Rights Law,” Tribune of Political Science and Law 22 (2004): 189–191.Google Scholar
  5. 10.
    See the official news report: Amendment to the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China (2004), www.china.org.cn/china/LegislationsForm2001–2010/2011–02/12/content_21907119.htm. See also Yunhu Dong, “Human Rights into the Constitution: The Important Milestone in the Development of Human Rights in China,” Human Rights 2 (2004): 31–35.Google Scholar
  6. 12.
    Xianming Xu, Liwei Zhang, and Wei Zhang, “A Summary from the International Conference on National Human Rights Institutions,” Human Rights 6 (2004): 57–58.Google Scholar

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© Zhang Wei 2014

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  • Zhang Wei

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