Maternal Employment in Post-Socialist Countries: Understanding the Implications of Childcare Policies

  • Jana Javornik


Post-socialist countries, especially those from the EU-2004 enlargement, have been distinguished by high employment rates of women in full-time jobs since the late 1950s. In the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia from Central Europe, and Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania from the Baltic States, these ranged between 85 and 90 per cent, with practically no cross-country variation and narrow gender gaps in the late 1980s, just before the severe labour market disruptions in the 1990s (see, for example, United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), 1999).


Europe Income Defend Haas Romania 


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© Jana Javornik 2016

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  • Jana Javornik

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