Russia 2025 pp 67-85 | Cite as

Four Russias: Human Potential and Social Differentiation of Russian Regions and Cities

  • Natalia Zubarevich


Social differences — understood here as differences in human potential, population quality, and standard and way of living — are especially pronounced in territorially large countries characterized by inequality between regions and ethnic diversity. All these characteristics are intrinsic to Russia, which is why social diversity within the country is vast.


Human Development Index Industrial City Federal Budget Large Urban Center Social Differentiation 
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© Natalia Zubarevich 2013

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  • Natalia Zubarevich

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