Issues of Ideology and Identity in Turkish Literature during the Cold War



In the Cold War era, the period from the end of the Second World War to the fall of the Berlin Wall, Turkey was dominated by efforts of democratization and liberalization, economic growth and instability, intellectual and political quarrels, three successful (1960, 1971, and 1980) and two abortive military coups (1962 and 1963), and armed aggression in the streets which reached a peak toward the end of 1970s. The ruins left by military dictatorships are still relatively unexplored, and the neoliberal structure and hegemonic discourses introduced by them still influence contemporary life. The Cold War has left an imprint not only in literature but also in daily language, and its legacy is very much alive. The Turkish dictionary prepared and made online by the state-supported Turkish Language Association (TDK), for example, gives Moskof gâvuru (infidel of Moscow) as a synonym for the word Rus (Russian), linking an ethnic identity to a political system (the ideal of a Moscow-centered international dictatorship) and religious otherness at the same time.


Military Coup Woman Writer Turkish Culture Turkish Republic United States Government Printing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Select Bibliography

  1. Aksoy, S.E. (2008) ‘Muslim-Christian Dialogue in Peyami Safa’s The Armchair of Mademoiselle Noraliya’, Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 20, pp. 87–104.Google Scholar
  2. Bali, R.N. (2006) Turkish Student’s Movements and the Turkish Left in the 1950s-1960s. Istanbul: Isis Press.Google Scholar
  3. Belge, M. (1987) The Left’, in I.C. Schick and E.A. Tonak (eds), Turkey in Transition. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 147–76.Google Scholar
  4. Çayır, K. (2007) Islamic Literature in Contemporary Turkey. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  5. Çetinsaya, G. (2004) İslamcılıktaki Milliyetçilik’, in Y. Aktay (ed.), Modern Türkiye’de Siyasi Düsünce, vol. 6. Istanbul: İletiİim Yayınları, pp. 437–47.Google Scholar
  6. Criss, N.B. (2002) ‘A Short History of Anti-Americanism and Terrorism: The Turkish Case’, The Journal of American History, 89, pp. 472–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dirlik, A. (1998) The Third World in 1968’, in idem, The World Transformed. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 295–320.Google Scholar
  8. Dodd, C. (1979) Democracy and Development in Turkey. London: Eothen Press.Google Scholar
  9. Erim, N. (2007) 12 Mart Anıları. İstanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları.Google Scholar
  10. Erkol, Ç.G. (2012) ‘Imperial Trauma and Liminal Masculinity in Orhan Kemal’s My Father’s House and Idle Years’, Journal of European Studies, 42, no. 3, pp. 245–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ertuğrul, S. (2003) ‘Belated Modernity and Modernity as Belatedness in Tutunamayanlar’, The South Atlantic Quarterly, 102, no. 2/3, pp. 629–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ganser, D. (2005) ‘Terrorism in Western Europe: An Approach to NATO’s Secret Stay-Behind Armies’, The Whitehead Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations, 6, no. 1, pp. 69–95.Google Scholar
  13. ‘Greece; Cyprus; Turkey, 1969–1976’ (2007) Foreign Relations of the United States, vol. 30. Washington DC: United States Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  14. Hikmet, Nâzım (Ran) (2002) Human Landscapes from My Country: An Epic Novel in Verse, trans. Randy Biasing and Mutlu Konuk. New York: Persea Books, pp. 120–1.Google Scholar
  15. İrem, N. (2004) ‘Undercurrents of European Modernity and the Foundations of Modern Turkish Conservatism: Bergsonism in Retrospect’, Middle Eastern Studies, 40, pp. 79–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Irzık, S. (2003) ‘Allegorical Lives: The Public and the Private in the Modern Turkish Novel’, The South Atlantic Quarterly, 102, no. 2/3, pp. 551–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Koçak, O. (2003) ‘Our Master, Our Novice: On the Catastrophic Births of Modern Turkish Poetry’, South Atlantic Quarterly, 102, no. 2/3, pp. 567–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. ALandau, J. (2003) ‘Ultra-Nationalist Republic in the Turkish Republic: A Note on the Novels of Huseyin Nihal Atsız’, Middle Eastern Studies, 39, no. 2, pp. 204–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lipovsky, I. (1992) The Socialist Movement in Turkey. London and New York: Brill.Google Scholar
  20. Magnarella, P.J. (1982) ‘Civil Violence in Turkey: Its Infrastructural, Social and Cultural Foundations’, in idem, Sex Roles, Family and Community in Turkey. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 383–401.Google Scholar
  21. Oğuzertem, S. (2004) ‘Introduction: Sait Faik’s Utopian Poetics and the Lyrical Turn in Turkish Fiction’, in idem (ed.), Sleeping in the Forest: Stories and Poems of Sait Faik. New York: Syracuse University Press, pp. xv–xxx.Google Scholar
  22. Poulton, H. (1997) Top Hat, Grey Wolf and Crescent. London: Hurst and Company.Google Scholar
  23. Rathbun, C. (1972) The Village in the Turkish Novel and Short Story: 1920 to 1955. The Hague: Mouton & Co.Google Scholar
  24. Savasır, İ. (1987) ‘Halit Ziya, Yakup Kadri ve Diğerleri’, Defter, Aralğk-Ocak, pp. 133–9.Google Scholar
  25. Wiker, W (1963) The Turkish Revolution 1960–1961. Washington DC: Brookings Institution.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Çimen Günay-Erkol 2013

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations