A Meta-Analysis of Work Demand Stressors and Job Performance: Examining Main and Moderating Effects

  • Simona Gilboa
  • Arie Shirom
  • Yitzhak Fried
  • Cary L. Cooper


Psychosocial stressors at work represent a ubiquitous and multifaceted phenomenon (Lazarus, 1993); several theoretical frameworks predict that they affect employee attitudes and behaviors (Jex & Crossley 2005). Most past meta-analytical reviews of these relationships focused only on the linkages of role conflict and role ambiguity with job performance, none of them related to unpublished studies, and each included only a relatively small number of samples, casting doubt on their findings regarding the effect of possible moderators (e.g., Abramis, 1994, n = 18 for role ambiguity only; Fisher & Gitelson, 1983, n = 25, 22; Jackson & Schuler, 1985, n = 37, 24; Tubre & Collins, 2000, n = 74, 54 for the meta correlations of performance with role ambiguity and role conflict, respectively). All previous meta-analytical reviews found that a substantial amount of the variance in the corrected stressor-performance correlations remained unexplained and urged future researchers to identify variables that moderate this relationship (e.g., Tubre & Collins, 2000, p. 166).


Family Conflict Organizational Behavior Apply Psychology Role Conflict Sales Management 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Simona Gilboa, Arie Shirom, Yitzhak Fried and Cary L. Cooper 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simona Gilboa
  • Arie Shirom
  • Yitzhak Fried
  • Cary L. Cooper

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