Italy: The Continuing History of Emigrant Relations

Part of the Migration, Diasporas and Citizenship Series book series (MDC)


Scholars of migration studies across disciplines often refer to Italy as an example of country of emigration confined to history. Indeed, the Italian population contributed to the mass migrations of about 55 million persons from and within Europe largely between 1815 and 1939 (Hatton and Williamson, 1998: 753; Hoerder, 2002: 339–342). After the Second World War, many European countries became countries of immigration; Italy was no exception. Yet it experienced a second wave of mass emigration between 1945 and the 1960s that is too often neglected. According to official statistical data, it was only in 1973 that, in Italy, immigrants have started to outnumber emigrants. Once again, though, this does not mean that emigration from Italy ended or became irrelevant after 1973. Recent studies and data have pointed out how significant numbers of people also left the country between the 1970s and the 2000s (Bonifazi and Heins, 2009; Fondazione Migrantes, 2012). Thus, in the Italian case, it would be more correct to speak of an example of a ‘continuing history’ of emigration.


Foreign Affair Return Migration Mass Migration Italian State International Migration Review 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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