An Integrated Assessment of the Economic Costs and Environmental Benefits of Pollution and Carbon Control

Part of the International Economic Association Series book series (IEA)


Concerns over energy security and domestic air quality have led the Chinese government to reduce the country’s overwhelming dependence on fossil fuels and to shift to a more energy- and resource-efficient development trajectory. Considering the international climate negotiations, this goal now has added emphasis on carbon intensity. The 11th Five-year Plan (FYP) set explicit targets for energy efficiency and pollutant emissions and this has led to a number of ambitious implementing measures. The government recently also set a carbon intensity target for 2020: reducing it by 40–45 per cent compared with the 2005 carbon emissions:GDP ratio. Despite the current global economic slowdown, and partly due to the strong fiscal stimulus in 2009, the growth of the Chinese economy and its resource demands are so swift that they are overwhelming many of these efforts, most notably in emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), the leading greenhouse gas (GHG).


Emission Inventory Carbon Intensity Power Generation Unit International Energy Agency Acute Mortality 
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Copyright information

© International Economic Association 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tsinghua UniversityChina
  2. 2.Harvard UniversityUSA

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