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Leadership and Resources

  • Elizabeth Van Wie Davis

Abstract

Ruling, resources and religion have shifted under the various Chinese administrations since the beginning of the People’s Republic of China in 1949. In China, these administrations are sometimes referred to as “generations.” The most noted academic on Chinese generations is the scholar Li Cheng, who writes:

The concept of political generations in China is often based on the distinctive political experience of elites—for example, the Long March generations (first generation), the anti-Japanese War generation (the second generation), the “socialist transformation” generation (the third generation), and the Cultural Revolution generation (the fourth generation).1

Keywords

Ethnic Minority Fourth Generation Cultural Revolution Political Liberalization Party Secretary 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Cheng Li, China’s Leaders: The New Generation (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2001), 6–14.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    See Information Office of the State Council, China’s Ethnic Policy and Common Prosperity and Development of All Ethnic Groups, September 27, 2009.Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    See Elizabeth Van Wie Davis, “China, After 1945,” in Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism Since 1450, ed. Thomas Benjamin (Detroit, MI: Macmillan Reference, 2006).Google Scholar
  4. 10.
    Wang Lixiong, “A True ‘Middle-Way’ Solution to Tibetan Unrest,” China Security 4, no. 2 (Spring 2008), 28.Google Scholar
  5. 12.
    Elizabeth Van Wie Davis, “Beijing Spring,” in An Historical Encyclopedia of Sino-American Relations, ed. Song Yuwu (New York: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2005).Google Scholar
  6. 13.
    Elizabeth Van Wie Davis, “Hu Yaobang,” in Encyclopedia of Modern Asia (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2002).Google Scholar
  7. 14.
    Kate Zhou argues that this was as much a bottom-up phenomenon as a top-down policy. See Kate Zhou, How The Farmers Changed China: Power of the People (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1996).Google Scholar
  8. 16.
    See Veron Mei-Ying Hung, “China’s WTO Commitment on Independent Judicial Review: Impact on Legal and Political Reform,” The American Journal of Comparative Law 52, no. 1 (Winter, 2004), 128–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 17.
    See Elizabeth Van Wie Davis, “Wen Jiabao,” in An Historical Encyclopedia of Sino-American Relations, ed. Song Yuwu (New York: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2005).Google Scholar
  10. 21.
    See Reginald Yin Wang Kwok, “Chinese Urbanization in the Last Half Century: A Hesitant Shift from Restraint to Inevitability,” Asian Geographer no. 1–2 (2002), 21.Google Scholar
  11. 26.
    T. Wang, F. He, C. Wang, W. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Oil Filling History of the Ordovician Oil Reservoir in the Major Part of the Tahe Oilfield, Tarim Basin, NW China,” Organic Geochemistry 39, no.11 (2008), 1637–1646.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 28.
    X.W. Xinshu Gong, “Analysis of Industrial Organizational Structure of West China,” International Journal of Business and Management 3, no. 1 (2008), 88.Google Scholar
  13. 43.
    In this section, I rely on Li Cheng, “China’s Fifth Generation: Is Diversity a Source of Strength or Weakness?,” Asia Policy number 6 (July 2008), 53–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Elizabeth Van Wie Davis 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth Van Wie Davis
    • 1
  1. 1.Colorado School of MinesUSA

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