ID Cards as Access: Negotiating Transgender (and Intersex) Bodies into the Chilean Legal System

  • Penny Miles
Part of the The Politics of Intersectionality book series (POLI)


Mariana’s narrative presents just one example of the complexities of going about daily life as a transgender or intersex person in Chile contemporary. In a society where identity (ID) cards are central to accessing most services, from public health to the labor market, the incongruence between self-presentation and official identification serve to perpetuate the discriminatory practices directed toward transgender 2 and intersex individuals. This frequently results in the denial of access to basic rights. These are seen as part of a vicious circle. Not having a legal identity congruent with the person’s adopted gender essentially implies exclusion from education, employment, and health. Such a scenario has encouraged some to seek legal change to gender and name status as a means of ameliorating their inclusion in society. However, in order to do so, individuals need sufficient financial resources to undergo surgery and hormonization in a costly, privatized health service. Though gender identity is not currently regulated by law, a gap in the law has thus far been exploited in order to allow individuals to “re-sex” their transgender bodies. However, this has occurred predominantly in the cases of “the post-surgical body” (Sharpe, 2002, 3).


Gender Identity Hegemonic Masculinity Legal Change Legal Recognition Gender Recognition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Angelia R. Wilson 2013

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  • Penny Miles

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