Clumsy Solutions for a Complex World pp 31-60

Part of the Global Issues Series book series (GLOISS)

Is the Kyoto Protocol Merely Irrelevant, or Positively Harmful, for the Efforts to Curb Climate Change?

  • Marco Verweij

Abstract

At the beginning of November 2004, the Russian government gave up its long-standing opposition to the Kyoto Protocol. The original version of this Protocol had called upon industrialized countries to reduce their contributions to global warming by 5.2 per cent between 2008 and 2012 (as compared to 1990). Ratification of the treaty by President Putin meant that the minimum number of signatures was reached, so that the Kyoto Protocol could come into force on 16 February 2005 — some thirteen years after international negotiations on the treaty had started at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro.

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Notes

  1. 20.
    Michael Thompson and Steve Rayner, ‘Cultural Discourses’, in Steve Rayner and Elizabeth L. Malone (eds), Human Choice and Climate Change, Vol. 1: The Societal Framework (Columbus, OH: Batelle Press, 1998).Google Scholar
  2. 24.
    David Wallace, Environmental Policies and Industrial Innovation: Strategies in Europe, the USA and Japan (London: Earthscan, 1995), p. xx.Google Scholar
  3. 31.
    James J. Dooley, Paul J. Runci and Esther E. Luiten, Energy RD&D in the Industrialised World: Retrenchement and Refocusing, Interim Report PNNL-12661 (Richland, Washington: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Marco Verweij 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Verweij

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