Advertisement

Banditry, Marginality, and Survival among the Laboring Poor in Late Imperial South China

  • Robert J. Antony

Abstract

In the early 1830s the provincial judge of Guangdong issued a proclamation concerning the problem of banditry in the province. In part his proclamation read:

In Guangdong province, the law against bandits is very severe. In cases of a general pardon from the throne, those who have robbed in bands are not included. If a bandit has escaped three years, and plundered three times, he is executed immediately after conviction, and his head suspended in a cage. This is not the mode of treating banditti in any other province. Here the law is not only severe, but the exertions of the police to seize offenders are strenuous. (Chinese Repository, April 1836)

Keywords

Guangdong Province Violent Crime Qing Dynasty Early Nineteenth Century Archival Record 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Antony, Robert J. 1988. “Pirates, Bandits, and Brotherhoods: A Study of Crime and Law in Kwangtung Province, 1796–1839.” Ph.D. diss., University of Hawai’i.Google Scholar
  2. Antony, Robert J. 1990. “The Problem of Banditry and Bandit Suppression in Kwangtung South China, 1780–1840.” Criminal Justice History (Fall): 31–53.Google Scholar
  3. Antony, Robert J. 1995. “Scourges on the People: Perceptions of Robbery, Snatching and Theft in the Mid-Qing Period.” Late Imperial China 16, no. 2 (December): 98–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Antony, Robert J. 2002. “Subcounty Officials, the State, and Local Communities in Guangdong Province, 1644–1860.” In Robert J. Antony and Jane K. Leonard, eds., Dragons, Tigers, and Dogs, 27–59. Ithaca, NY: East Asia Program, Cornell University.Google Scholar
  5. Arkush, David. 1990. “Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy in Twentieth-Century Chinese Peasant Proverbs.” In K. C. Liu, ed. Orthodoxy in Late Imperial China. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  6. Buoye, Thomas. 2000. Manslaughter, Markets, and Moral Economy: Violent Disputes over Property Rights in Eighteenth-Century China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Canton Register. 1827–1843. Canton and Macau.Google Scholar
  8. Canton Press. 1835–1844. Canton and Macau.Google Scholar
  9. Chinese Repository. 1832–1851. Canton and Macau.Google Scholar
  10. Geremek, Bronislaw. 1987. The Margins of Society in Late Medieval Paris. trans. by Jean Birrell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Gongzhongdang (Unpublished imperial palace memorials), National Palace Museum, Taibei.Google Scholar
  12. He, Xiya. 1925. Zhongguo daofei wenti zhi yanjiu (A study of the bandit problem in China). Shanghai: Taidong tushuju.Google Scholar
  13. Lin, Man-Houng. 2006. China Upside Down: Currency, Society, and Ideologies, 1808–1856. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Marks, Robert. 1998. Tigers, Rice, Silk, and Silt: Environment and Economy in Late Imperial South China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ownby, David. 1996. Brotherhoods and Secret Societies in Early and Mid-Qing China: The Formation of a Tradition. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Park, Nancy, and Robert J. Antony. 1993. “Archival Research in Qing Legal History.” Qingshi wenti 14, no. 1 (June): 93–137.Google Scholar
  17. Perry, Elizabeth. 1980. Rebels and Revolutionaries in North China, 1845–1945. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Pomeranz, Kenneth. 2000. The Great Divergence: Europe, China, and the Making of the Modern World Economy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Shangyudang (Unpublished imperial edicts), National Palace Museum, Taibei.Google Scholar
  20. Wong, R. Bin. 1997. China Transformed: Historical Change and the Limits of European Experience. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Siu-Keung Cheung, Joseph Tse-Hei Lee, and Lida V. Nedilsky 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert J. Antony

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations