The Anticapitalism Movement and African Resistance to Neoliberal Globalization
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As contemporary neoliberal globalization has intensified and consolidated since the 1980s, its hegemonic and exploitative nature has provoked new waves and modalities of contestation and resistance. The contested and politicized nature of neoliberal globalization, which Arturo Escobar (2004, 207) aptly refers to as “a new US-based form of imperial globality, an economicmilitary-ideological order that subordinates regions, peoples, and economies world-wide,” has drawn attention to the challenge of resisting the global dominance of this process. The key political tension exists between the forces of globalization and the forces of resistance, and at the heart of this is a paradox: globalization both weakens and simultaneously reinvigorates the forces of contestation and resistance. Put another way, imperial globality is provoking the emergence of new grassroots-based social movements, which are engaged in counterhegemonic struggles that represent both a challenge and alternative to this new form of colonialism, especially specific African popular struggles and manifestations of the deglobalization of capital orientation. Indeed, the proliferation of these social movements and civil society groups, beginning in the mid-1980s and continuing to the present, has posed serious challenges to the hegemonic discourse and project of neoliberalism.
KeywordsCivil Society Social Movement World Trade Organization Debt Relief Global Civil Society
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