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Taiwan’s Colonial History and Postcolonial Nationalism

  • J. Bruce Jacobs

Abstract

The claim that Taiwan belongs to China is actually very modern. After Chiang Kai-shek came to power in China, the ruling Chinese Nationalist Party (Kuomintang) displayed considerable ambivalence toward Taiwan. Some Chinese Nationalists claimed that Taiwan should be returned to the bosom of the Motherland, while others, who noted that Taiwanese had fought with the Japanese forces in China and played important roles in the Japanese “puppet” governments in occupied China, viewed Taiwan as enemy territory to be occupied and exploited.1

Keywords

Qing Dynasty Chinese Communist Party Ming Dynasty Democratic Progressive Party Colonial Regime 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    J. Bruce Jacobs, “Taiwanese and the Chinese Nationalists, 1937–1945: The Origins of Taiwan’s ‘Half-Mountain People’ (Banshan ren),” Modern China, vol. 16, no. 1 (January 1990), pp. 84–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  4. 3.
    Huang Fu-san, A Brief History of Taiwan: A Sparrow Transformed into a Phoenix (Taipei: Government Information Office, 2005), Chapter 2, p. 2. This work can be found at www.gio.gov.tw/taiwan-website/5-gp/history/Google Scholar
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    Macabe Keliher, Out of China or Yu Yonghe’s Tale of Formosa: A History of Seventeenth-Century Taiwan (Taipei: SMC Publishing, 2003), p. 96.Google Scholar
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    Xue Hua-yuan, Dai Baocun, and Zhou Meili, Taiwan bushi Zhongguo de: Taiwan guomin de lishi [Taiwan Is Not Chinese: A History of the Taiwanese People] (Danshui: Quncehui, 2005), p. 59.Google Scholar
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    and Harry J. Lamley, “A Short-Lived Republic and War, 1895: Taiwan’s Resistance Against Japan,” in Taiwan in Modern Times, ed. Paul K.T. Sih (New York: St. John’s University Press, 1973), pp. 241–316. The duration of the Republic of Taiwan comes from Ito, Taiwan, pp. 118–119.Google Scholar
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    The important Musha aboriginal uprising, which took place in October 1930, killed more than 200 Japanese including the provincial governor. The Japanese killed thousands in response. See, inter alia, George H. Kerr, Formosa: Licensed Revolution and the Home Rule Movement 1895–1945 (Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii, 1974), pp. 151–154.Google Scholar
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    The literature on the February 28 Uprising has become large. The best book in English remains the eyewitness account of George H. Kerr, Formosa Betrayed (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1965).Google Scholar
  37. 59.
    A useful, but flawed book based on early opening of the archives and some interviews is Tse-han Lai, Ramon H. Myers, and Wou Wei, A Tragic Beginning: The Taiwan Uprising of February 28, 1947 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1991). Also useful is a chapter of Phillips, Between Assimilation and Independence, pp. 64–88.Google Scholar
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    A shorter, useful first-person account is Ming-min Peng, A Taste of Freedom: Memoirs of a Formosan Independence Leader (New York, Chicago, and San Francisco: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1972), pp. 65–72.Google Scholar
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    One of the best books on this early period is Fred W. Riggs, Formosa under Chinese Nationalist Rule (New York: Macmillan, 1952).Google Scholar
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    The text is available in Victor H. Li, ed., The Future of Taiwan: A Difference of Opinion (White Plains, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1980), pp. 174–185.Google Scholar
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© Peter C. Y. Chow 2008

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  • J. Bruce Jacobs

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