Globalization, the ‘War on Terror’ and Human In/Security in South Asia

  • Giorgio Shani


This chapter will seek to examine the effects of neo-liberal globalization and the war on terror upon human security in South Asia. In the first section, it will be argued that economic liberalization in South Asia in general and its most populous country, India, in particular has resulted in unbalanced growth which has disproportionately benefited, and politically empowered, members of the dominant classes, religious communities and castes at the expense of the rural and urban poor. As we shall see in the second section, this has had profound consequences for members of South Asia’s religious minorities and subaltern castes and classes who find themselves increasingly marginalized by national discourses derived from the majority religious tradition. These trends have been reinforced by the post 9/11 political climate and the introduction of anti-terrorism legislation which has contributed to a greater securitization of society in general and the targeting of ethno-religious minorities.


Poverty Alleviation Human Security Economic Liberalization Economist Intelligence Unit International Crisis Group 
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© Giorgio Shani 2007

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  • Giorgio Shani

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