From Global Concentration to Competitive Strategy

  • Chris Carr
Part of the The Academy of International Business book series


Many writers argue for, imply or sometimes merely assume, a process of almost relentless global concentration driven by scale economies and ‘shrinking’ geography (Marx, 1919; Hout et al, 1982; Ohmae, 1985, 1990, 2001; Bryan et al., 1999). It is popular (if technically dubious, Kay, 2001a) to cite the statistic that of the world’s 100 largest ‘economies’, 51 are now corporations and only 49 nation states (Hertz, 2001). However, the issue has long been highly controversial and has become intertwined with the complex debate surrounding globalization (Hirst and Thompson, 1996; Held and McGrew, 2000).


Harvard Business Review Competitive Strategy Harvard Business School Exxon Mobil Global Concentration 
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© Academy of International Business, UK Chapter 2003

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  • Chris Carr

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