Tribal Sport Business: Caveman, Fan and Clan

  • Aaron Smith
  • Hans Westerbeek


It can be argued that in our post-modern society, nothing is more tribal than sport, except perhaps warfare. It is part of human nature to seek the comfort and safety of a group of people that we feel close to. This closeness is achieved through sharing important experiences with the other group members. The higher the number, importance and intensity of joint experiences, the more likely it is that group members will ‘act as one’, as a tribe. Through shared experience and belonging tribal members build their individual identities. Sport offers a tribal arena for collective identification and community expression.


Social Identity Football Club Tribal Group Rugby Union Identity Salience 
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Copyright information

© Aaron Smith and Hans Westerbeek 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aaron Smith
  • Hans Westerbeek

There are no affiliations available

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