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Why the Negotiations Succeeded

  • Pierre du Toit
Part of the Ethnic and Intercommunity Conflict Series book series (EAI)

Abstract

South Africa’s peacemakers succeeded where many others failed. Considered for many years to be a least likely case for successful peacemaking, failure was predicted with regularity, even as the peace talks got underway. Identifying factors which were conducive to success had become important to the vocation of peacemaking and for the management of peace process in other conflict arenas. To retain perspective it has to be recognised that this success story is not without blemish. A consideration of the flaws in the South African peace process also needs to be made from which valuable insights can be gleaned. Negotiations that fail become an extension of the conflict which they tried to resolve. Explaining this failure is the task of conflict theory. Explaining successful negotiations is the task of the theory of conflict resolution.1 The following reasons (in no particular sequence of importance) for the success of South Africa’s negotiated transition can be advanced, with reference to relevant theoretical underpinnings.

Keywords

Good Faith Security Force Peace Process Alliance Partner Negotiate Agreement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    I. William Zartman, ‘A Skeptic’s View’, in Guy Oliver Faure and Jeffrey Z. Rubin, (eds), Culture and Negotiation, Newbury Park: Sage, 1993, p. 17.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. B. Bacharach and E. J. Lawler, Bargaining: Power, Tactics and Outcomes, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1981, pp. 39Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. J. Lawler, and S. B. Bacharach, ‘Tower Dependence in Collective Bargaining’, Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations, vol. 3, 1986, pp. 204–7.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Heribert Adam and Kogila Moodley, The Opening of the Apartheid Mind — Options for the New South Africa, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1993, p. 51.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pierre du Toit, State Building and Democracy in Southern Africa — Botswana, Zimbabawe and South Africa, Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1995, p. 239.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Patti Waldmeir, Anatomy of a Miracle — The End of Apartheid and the Birth of the New South Africa, London: Viking, 1997, p. 3.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ralph Lawrence, ‘Introduction — From Soweto to Codesa’, in Steven Friedman and Doreen Atkinson, (eds) South African Review 7: the Small Miracle — South Africa’s Negotiated Settlement, Johannesburg: Ravan, 1994, p. 8.Google Scholar
  8. 74.
    Jannie Geldenhuys, A General’s Story — From an Era of War and Peace, Johannesburg: Jonathan Ball, 1995, p. 297.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pierre du Toit 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre du Toit
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of StellenboschSouth Africa

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