In the modern world, intellectuals have become more powerful and significant, influencing the politics and shape of society.1 Intellectuals, nowadays, have to come to grips with the questions of to which class (if any) they belong and to which political current they adhere. The sociology of intellectuals is concerned primarily with the intellectuals and their roles in society, especially the examination of the social, political and economic factors which affect their social location and relationship with the state. Central questions in the sociology of intellectuals, simply stated, are: (1) What is the relationship between their social location and their ideological formation? (2) Have the intellectuals formed a special class, or an independent stratum, or do they just belong to different classes? (3) Do their ideas represent their own class interests, or the interests of other classes separately, or are they a reflection of the complex interests of different classes? Answers to these questions have aroused waves of debate in different settings, among different schools of thought, and in different socio-historical and socio-political contexts.
KeywordsSocial Movement Social Origin Intensive Interview Social Location Chinese Political Scientist
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