Before 1980 the Vietnamese Communist regime had such an orthodox Communist political structure – whether as North Vietnam in 1954–75 or reunified Vietnam thereafter – that its orthodoxy was actually a distinctive feature of the regime. In particular, the Vietnamese carried the Leninist commitment to collective leadership to the furthest lengths seen in a Communist regime. After the death of the founding leader Ho Chi Minh in 1969, all the other Politburo members elected at the 1960 Party Congress continued to serve together as a collegiate and outwardly unified collective leadership until the 1980s.1
KeywordsEconomic Reform State Sector State Enterprise Communist Regime Economic Liberalisation
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