The nature of Deng Xiaoping’s developmental socialism is said to be difficult to pin down (Dittmarr, 1993, pp. 3, 21).1 Scholarly discussion generally divides itself into two groups. The first group maintains that Deng’s politics represents a restoration of rational Maoism, though there is disagreement over which Maoist elements laid the foundation for Deng’s policies. One position within this group, especially prominent in the early 1980s, argued that the principal difference between the two men was to be found in the ideological debate between ‘redness’ and ‘expertness’ long present in CCP discussions.
KeywordsCultural Revolution Socialist Principle Chinese Socialism Multiparty System Charismatic Authority
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