Neurofeminism pp 145-174 | Cite as

Situated Neuroscience: Exploring Biologies of Diversity

  • Gillian Einstein
Part of the New Directions in Philosophy and Cognitive Science book series (NDPCS)


From the late 1980s to the late 1990s there was concentrated activity around feminist philosophy of science and the question: could there be a feminist science? (Richardson 2008). Early feminist approaches to science were concerned with certain assumptions within scientific methodology itself. During that period, there were exhortations for a replacement of androcentric values with feminist values (Harding 1991) and a replacing of the Kuhnian values for interpreting underdetermined knowledge with feminist ‘virtues.’ In contrast to Kuhn’s values, the virtues as set forward by Longino were:
  1. (i)

    empirical adequacy

  2. (ii)


  3. (iii)

    ontological heterogeneity

  4. (iv)

    complexity of relationship

  5. (v)

    applicability to current human needs

  6. (vi)

    diffusion of power (Longino 1992: 336–337)



Quantitative Sensory Testing Feminist Approach Epistemic Community Somali Woman Feminist Philosophy 
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© Gillian Einstein 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gillian Einstein

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