The Dragon, The Tiger Cubs and Higher Education: Competitive and Cooperative China-ASEAN Relations in the GATS Era

  • Anthony Welch


Higher education is universally acknowledged as a key pillar in constructing the new knowledge economies of the twenty-first century. Each country wishes to deploy its higher education resources to its greatest advantages — to increase national competitiveness, enhance its economic growth rates, and raise its prestige internationally. Yet this occurs at the same time as nations worldwide struggle to reconcile the conflicting demands of an endlessly increasing demand for higher education, and an increasing limit on state capacity — itself partly a product of global economic re-structuring. This combination of aspiration, ambition, and constraint often leads to heightened pressures on higher educational institutions (HEIs) to diversify their income sources, including the marketing of their “product” to international students.


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