Street Children in Kampala and NGOs’ Actions: Understanding Capabilities Deprivation and Expansion

  • Rudolf Anich
  • Mario Biggeri
  • Renato Libanora
  • Stefano Mariani

Abstract

This chapter, and the chapters that follow, present studies aiming to operationalize the capability approach (CA). In particular, in this chapter, in order to analyse the deprivation of capabilities of street children in Kampala, Uganda, and capabilities expansion (or reduction) of former street children participating in rehabilitation projects, the method of analysis developed in Chapter 4 (Section 4.2) is employed.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anich, R. (2006), Bambini di strada. Indagine sociologica di un recente fenomeno urbano attraverso le parole e le immagini dei bambini di Kampala, Master Dissertation in Political Sciences, University of Florence.Google Scholar
  2. Aptekar, L. (1988), Street Children of Cali, Duke University Press, Durham, NC.Google Scholar
  3. Ballet, J., Bhukuth, A. and Radja, K. (2004), “Capabilities, Affective Capital and Development Application to Street Child in Mauritania”. Paper presented at the 4th International Conference on the Capability Approach: Enhancing Human Security, 5–7 September 2004, Pavia.Google Scholar
  4. Biggeri, M., Libanora, R., Mariani, S. and Menchini, L. (2006), “Children Conceptualizing Their Capabilities: Results of the Survey During the First Children’s World Congress on Child Labour”, Journal of Human Development, 7 (1): 59–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Biggeri, M. (2007), “Children’s Valued Capabilities”, in Melanie Walker and Elaine Unterhalter (eds), Amartya Sen’s Capability Approach and Social Justice in Education, Palgrave, New York, Oxon, Chapter 10, pp. 197–214.Google Scholar
  6. Biggeri, M. and Anich, R. (2009), “The Deprivation of Street Children in Kampala: Can the Capability Approach and Participatory Methods Unlock a New Perspective in Research and Decision-Making?”, Mondes en Developpement, 37 (2): 73–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. CIDA–Canadian International Development Agency (2001), Action Plan on Child Protection: Promoting the Rights of the Children who Need Special Protection Measures, The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), Quebec, Canada, Montreal.Google Scholar
  8. Clark, D. A. (2002), Visions of Development: A Study of Human Values, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.Google Scholar
  9. Clark, D. A. (2003), “Concepts and Perceptions of Human Well-being: Some Evidence from South Africa”, Oxford Development Studies, 31 (2): 173–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Clark, D. A. and Qizilbash, M. (2008), “Core Poverty, Vagueness and Adaptation: A New Methodology and Some Results for South Africa”, Journal of Development Studies, 44 (4): 519–544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dallapè, F. (1996). Urban Children: A Challenge and an Opportunity, Childhood, 3 (2): 283–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ennew, J. (2003), “Difficult Circumstances: Some Reflections on Street Children in Africa”, Children, Youth and Environment, 13 (1).Google Scholar
  13. Fabbris, L. (1990), “Problemi statistici nella utilizzazione di dati rilevati presso testimoni priviligiati”, Atti del Seminario di Studio Rilevazioni per Campione delle Opinioni degli Italiani, Bressanone, 13 September: 89–115.Google Scholar
  14. Farrant, M. (1970), “Market Boys of Kampala: A Survey”, East African Journal, 7 (10): 13–19.Google Scholar
  15. FOCA (1999), Baseline Survey on Fulltime Street Children in Kampala, FOCA Friends of Children Association, Red Barnet, by El-Wambi, Muhumuza and Fehling, Kampala.Google Scholar
  16. GOU (2003), CRC Second periodic report of State parties, August.Google Scholar
  17. Jacob, J., Smith, T., Hite, S. and Yao Chen S. (2004), “Helping Uganda’s Street Children”, Journal of Children and Poverty, 10 (1): 2–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kasagga, V. S. (1998), Socio-economic Factors Contribution to the Ever Increasing Number of Street Children within Kampala City. A Case Study of Mengo Kisenyi, dissertation BA Degree in Social Work and Social Administration, Makerere University, Kampala.Google Scholar
  19. Kasirye, R. (1994), Paper on Drug Abuse, Kampala.Google Scholar
  20. Kumar, S. (2002), Methods for Community Participation, A Complete Guide for Practitioners, Vistaar Publications, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  21. Lugalla, M. (2004), Street children and street life in urban Tanzania: the culture of surviving and its implications for children’s health, in International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 23 (2), in Young Lorraine, journeys to the street: the complex migration geographies of Ugandan street children, in Geoforum 35.Google Scholar
  22. Lusk, M. (1992), “Street Children of Rio De Janeiro”, International Social Work, 35: 293–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mbambu, D. (2000), A Critical Analysis of the Legal and Institutional Framework for the Protection of Street Children in Uganda, dissertation BA Degree in Law, Makerere University, Kampala.Google Scholar
  24. MGLSD (1999), Practice Guidelines for Work with Street Children in Uganda, Street Children Desk, Department of Youth and Children Affairs (1999), Kampala.Google Scholar
  25. MGLSD (2000), First periodic report on implementation of the CRC in Uganda.Google Scholar
  26. MGLSD (2002), The National Action Plan on Youth, March.Google Scholar
  27. MGLSD (2003), Mapping OVC Interventions in Uganda, October 2003.Google Scholar
  28. MGLSD (2004a), National Strategic Programme Plan of Interventions for OVC 2005/ 6–2009/10, October, Draft.Google Scholar
  29. MGLSD (2004b), Report on OVC. Rapid Assessment, Analysis and Action Planning Process ( RAAAP ), October.Google Scholar
  30. Ministry of Relief and Social Rehabilitation (1999), Child Care Open Learning Programme: Children with Special Needs, GOU, Kampala.Google Scholar
  31. Munene, J. C. and Nambi, J. (1993), Operational Research on Street Children, Department of Psychology, University of Makerere, Kampala.Google Scholar
  32. Munene, J. C. and Nambi, J. (1996), “Understanding and Helping Street Children in Uganda”, Community Development Journal, 31: 343–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mutongole, C. (1996), Survival Strategies of Street Children in Kampala City, dissertation BA Degree in Social Work and Social Administration, Makerere University, Kampala.Google Scholar
  34. Naliwaiko, A., (1990), “The Bag Boys: Nakasero Market Boys”, occasional Paper Number 8, Makerere Institute of Social Research, Kampala.Google Scholar
  35. Nassejje, S. (1992), The Socio-economic Life of Street Children in Kampala, dissertation BA Degree in Social Work and Social Administration, Makerere University, Kampala.Google Scholar
  36. National Council for Children (1999), Child Rights Monitoring Indicators, MGLSD, Kampala.Google Scholar
  37. Nuwe, A. D. (2001), UPE and It’s Impact on Kampala Street Children: A Critical Study, dissertation BA Degree in Law, Makerere University, Kampala.Google Scholar
  38. Oloya, J. (1995), Feeding Practices of Kampala Street Children, dissertation BA Degree in Social Work and Social Administration, Makerere University, Kampala.Google Scholar
  39. Save the Children (2000), Children and Participation: Research, Monitoring and Evaluation with Children and Young People, Save the Children UK, London.Google Scholar
  40. Save the Children (2002), The Silent Majority: Child Poverty in Uganda, Save the Children UK, London.Google Scholar
  41. Save the Children (2003), Suffering in Silence. The Plight of Kampala’s Children, Save the Children UK, Kampala.Google Scholar
  42. Sen, A. K. (1999), Development as Freedom, OUP, Oxford.Google Scholar
  43. Sen, A. K. (2004), “Capabilities, Lists, and Public Reason: Continuing the Conversation”, Feminist Economics, 10 (3): 77–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Sen, A. K. (2005), “Human Rights and Capabilities”, Journal of Human Development, 6 (2): 151–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Sen, A. K. (2006), “What Do We Want from a Theory of Justice”, The Journal of Philosophy, CIII(5): 215–238.Google Scholar
  46. Shanahan, P. (1998), “The Alternative Africa”, White Fathers-White Sisters, 341: 4–15.Google Scholar
  47. Teschl, M. and Comim, F. (2005), “Adaptive Preferences and Capabilities: Some Preliminary Conceptual Explorations”, Review of Social Economy, 63 (2): 229–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. UCOBAC (1996), The Vulnerable Child, Kampala.Google Scholar
  49. UNESCO (2005), Children in Abject Poverty in Uganda. A Study of Criteria and Status of Those In and Out of School in Selected Districts in Uganda, in collaboration with MPFED and MOES.Google Scholar
  50. UNICEF (2002), The State of the World’s Children, OUP, Oxford.Google Scholar
  51. Van Blerk, L. (2005) “Negotiating Spatial Identities: Mobile Perspectives on Street Life in Uganda”, Children’s Geographies, 3 (1): 5–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Van Blerk, L. (2006), “Diversity and Difference in the Everyday Lives of Ugandan Street Children”, Social Dynamics, 32, 47–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Wernham, M. (2001), An Outside Chance. Street Children and Juvenile Justice–An International Perspective, Consortium for Street Children, London.Google Scholar
  54. Young, L. (2004), “Journeys to the Street: The Complex Migration Geographies of Ugandan Street Children”, Geoforum, 35 (4): 471–488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Young, L. and Barrett, H. (2001a), “Adapting Visual Methods: Action Research with Kampala Street Children”, Area 33 (2): 141–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Young, L. and Barrett, H. (2001b), “Issues of Access and Identity: Adapting Research Methods with Kampala Street Children”, Childhood: A Global Journal of Child Research, 8 (3): 383–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Rudolf Anich, Mario Biggeri, Renato Libanora and Stefano Mariani 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rudolf Anich
  • Mario Biggeri
  • Renato Libanora
  • Stefano Mariani

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations