Well-Being pp 95-106 | Cite as

Improving Psychological Well-being — Personal Development and Resilience

  • Ivan Robertson
  • Cary Cooper


Two people can be working in very similar situations, with equally similar personal and family circumstances, yet one seems to be positive, resilient and psychologically healthy, the other doesn’t. How can this be and what does it imply? Essentially, this can happen because there are two main sets of factors that exert an influence on people’s PWB. The first set of factors relates to the situation — especially the work situation. Much of the material in this book has concentrated on the impact that these situational factors (management, type of work, access to resources, levels of control and autonomy, personal circumstances etc.) can have on PWB. There is no doubt that “situation” factors can have a major impact on PWB but it is very important to recognize that the impact of the situation on PWB can be significantly moderated by “person” factors — qualities such as optimism, resilience or positive thinking that are related to the individual himself or herself. These “person” factors help to explain the differences in PWB experienced by two people who are working in essentially the same situation (see Figure 8.1).


Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Attributional Style Explanatory Style Positive Frame Psychological Resilience 
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Copyright information

© Ivan Robertson and Cary Cooper 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ivan Robertson
    • 1
  • Cary Cooper
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Leeds University Business SchoolUK
  2. 2.Lancaster UniversityUK
  3. 3.Robertson Cooper LtdUK

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