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Local Livelihoods, Global Interests and the State in the Congolese Mining Sector

  • Sara Geenen

Abstract

The relationship between mining and development is characterised by ‘contentiousness’ and ‘ambiguity’ (Bebbington et alii, 2008: 887): ‘Contentious because mining has so often delivered adverse social, environmental and economic effects for the many, but significant gains only for the few; ambiguous because of the abiding sense […] that just maybe mining could contribute much more.’ The most outspoken denouncers of these adverse effects on growth and equity are the advocates of the ‘resource curse’ thesis (Auty, 1993; Sachs and Warner, 1995). The thesis suggests that the abundant presence of natural resources generates a number of economic (mainly Dutch disease1 and revenue volatility) and political effects (bad governance, corrupt institutions), which will eventually undermine a country’s development.

Keywords

Mining Sector Great Lake Region Local Livelihood Resource Curse Artisanal Mining 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Sara Geenen 2011

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  • Sara Geenen

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