United Nations (UN)

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Origin and Aims. The United Nations is an association of states, or intergovernmental organizations, pledged to maintain international peace and security and to co-operate in solving international political, economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems. The name ‘United Nations’ was devised by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 Jan. 1942, during the Second World War, when 26 nations pledged to continue fighting the Axis Powers.


Member State United Nations Security Council Economic Commission Economic Survey 
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Further Reading

  1. Arnold, G., World Government by Stealth: The Future of the United Nations. Macmillan, 1998Google Scholar
  2. Bailey, S. D. and Daws, S., The United Nations: a Concise Political Guide. 3rd ed. London, 1994Google Scholar
  3. Baratta, J. P., United Nations System [Bibliography]. Oxford and New Brunswick (NJ), 1995Google Scholar
  4. Beigbeder, Y., The Internal Management of United Nations Organizations: the Long Quest for Reform. London, 1996Google Scholar
  5. Butler, R., The Greatest Threat: Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction and the Crisis of Global Security. Public Affairs, New York, 2000 Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, Preventing Deadly Conflict: Final Report. New York, 1997Google Scholar
  6. Cortright, D. and Lopez, G. A., The Sanctions Decade: Assessing UN Strategies in the 1990s. Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, 2000Google Scholar
  7. Durch, W. J., The Evolution of UN Peacekeeping: Case Studies and Comparative Analysis. New York, 1993Google Scholar
  8. Gareis, S. B. and Varwick, J., The United Nations: An Introduction. Basingstoke and New York, 2005Google Scholar
  9. Ginifer, J. (ed.) Development Within UN Peace Missions. London, 1997Google Scholar
  10. Hoopes, T., and Brinkley, D., FDR and the Creation of the UN. Yale Univ. Press, 1998Google Scholar
  11. Luard, E., The United Nations: How It Works and What It Does. 2nd ed. London, 1994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Meisler, S., United Nations: The First Fifty Years. Atlantic Monthly Press, 1998Google Scholar
  13. New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs, UN Handbook. 1997Google Scholar
  14. Osmanczyk, E., Encyclopaedia of the United Nations. London, 1985Google Scholar
  15. Parsons, A., From Cold War to Hot Peace: UN Interventions, 1947–94. London, 1995Google Scholar
  16. Pugh, M., The UN, Peace and Force. London, 1997Google Scholar
  17. Ratner, S. R., The New UN Peacekeeping: Building Peace in Lands of Conflict after the Cold War. London, 1995Google Scholar
  18. Righter, R., Utopia Lost: the United Nations and World Order. New York, 1995Google Scholar
  19. Roberts, A. and Kingsbury, B. (eds.) United Nations, Divided World: the UN’s Roles in International Relations. 2nd ed. Oxford, 1993Google Scholar
  20. Simma, B. (ed.) The Charter of the United Nations: a Commentary. OUP, 1995Google Scholar
  21. Williams, D., The Specialized Agencies of the United Nations. London, 1987Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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