South Africa

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The San and the Khoikhoi were the indigenous peoples of southern Africa. The San were nomadic hunter-gatherers who had lived from the land at the edge of the Kalahari desert for thousands of years. The Khoikhoi shared customs with the San and spoke related languages but also herded cattle and lived in more settled communities. The Khoikhoi settlements were most numerous in the Orange River valley and around the Cape. From the fourth century AD the eastern part of southern Africa was settled by Bantu-speaking groups, moving south from the continent’s drier interior. They were mixed farmers: herding sheep and cattle, hunting game, cultivating sorghum and making tools and weapons from iron.


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Further Reading

  1. Government Communication and Information System (GCIS), including extracts from the South Africa Yearbook 2004/05, compiled and published by GCIS.Google Scholar
  2. Beinart, W., Twentieth Century South Africa. OUP, 1994Google Scholar
  3. Brewer, J. (ed.) Restructuring South Africa. London, 1994Google Scholar
  4. Butler, Anthony, Contemporary South Africa. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2003Google Scholar
  5. Davenport, T. R. H., South Africa: a Modern History. 5th ed. Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2000CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  7. De Klerk, F. W., The Last Trek—A New Beginning. Macmillan, London, 1999Google Scholar
  8. Fine, B and Rustomjee Z., The Political Economy of South Africa. London, 1996Google Scholar
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  10. Guelke, Adrian, Rethinking the Rise of Apartheid. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2004Google Scholar
  11. Hough, M. and Du Plessis, A. (eds.) Selected Documents and Commentaries on Negotiations and Constitutional Development in the RSA, 1989–1994. Pretoria Univ., 1994Google Scholar
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  14. Meredith, M., South Africa’s New Era: the 1994 Election. London, 1994Google Scholar
  15. Mostert, N., Frontiers: the Epic of South Africa’s Creation and the Tragedy of the Xhosa People. London, 1992Google Scholar
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  17. Tompson, L., A History of South Africa. 2nd ed. Yale Univ. Press, 1996Google Scholar
  18. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa Report, 5 vols. Macmillan, London, 1999Google Scholar
  19. Turner, Barry, (ed.) Southern Africa Profiled. Macmillan, London, 2000Google Scholar
  20. Waldmeir, P., Anatomy of a Miracle: the End of Apartheid and the Birth of the New South Africa. London, 1997Google Scholar
  21. Who’s Who in South African Politics. 5th ed. London, 1995Google Scholar
  22. National Statistical Office: Statistics South Africa, Private Bag X44, Pretoria 0001.Google Scholar
  23. Free State: The Winning Province. Chris van Rensburg Publications, Johannesburg, 1997Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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