The State of Pakistan was created on 14 Aug. 1947 to provide Indian Muslims with their own state. Partition was marked by widespread communal violence in which hundreds of thousands died and millions were made homeless. The first governor general, and the man considered Pakistan’s founding father, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, died in 1948. The first war with India over the disputed territory of Kashmir occurred in the same year. In 1951 Pakistan’s first prime minister, Liaquat Ali Kahn, was assassinated. As the popularity of the ruling Muslim League declined, Pakistan’s government worked in increasingly unstable conditions.
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