• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The State of Pakistan was created on 14 Aug. 1947 to provide Indian Muslims with their own state. Partition was marked by widespread communal violence in which hundreds of thousands died and millions were made homeless. The first governor general, and the man considered Pakistan’s founding father, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, died in 1948. The first war with India over the disputed territory of Kashmir occurred in the same year. In 1951 Pakistan’s first prime minister, Liaquat Ali Kahn, was assassinated. As the popularity of the ruling Muslim League declined, Pakistan’s government worked in increasingly unstable conditions.


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Further Reading

  1. Government Planning Commission. Ninth Five Year Plan, 1998–2003. Karachi, 1998Google Scholar
  2. Federal Bureau of Statistics.—Pakistan Statistical Yearbook.—Statistical Pocket Book of Pakistan. (Annual) Ahmed, A. S., Jinnah, Pakistan and Islamic Identity: The Search for Saladin. London, 1997Google Scholar
  3. Ahsan, A., The Indus Saga and the Making of Pakistan. Oxford, 1997Google Scholar
  4. Akhtar, R., Pakistan Year Book. Karachi/Lahore Bhutto, B., Daughter of the East. London, 1988Google Scholar
  5. Burki, S. J., Pakistan: the Continuing Search for Nationhood. 2nd ed. Boulder (Colo.), 1992Google Scholar
  6. James, W. E. and Roy, S. (eds.) The Foundations of Pakistan’s Political Economy: Towards an Agenda for the 1990s. London, 1992Google Scholar
  7. Joshi, V. T., Pakistan: Zia to Benazir. Delhi, 1995Google Scholar
  8. Malik, I. H., State and Civil Society in Pakistan: the Politics of Authority, Ideology and Ethnicity. London, 1996Google Scholar
  9. National library: National Library of Pakistan, Islamabad.Google Scholar
  10. National Statistical Office: Federal Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Islamabad.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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