• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The first settlers arrived at the end of the Ice Age, as the glaciers retreated north. Archaeological remains in Finnmark in the north and in Rogaland in the southwest of Norway date from between 9500 to 8000 BC and suggest coastal, hunting-fishing communities. By 2500 BC a new influx of settlers brought cattle and crop farming and gradually replaced the earlier hunting-fishing communities. Although there is little evidence of the impact of the bronze and iron ages on Norway as its people had not yet found ways to exploit their natural resources for trade, links with Roman-occupied Gaul in the first four centuries AD were strong. By the time of the collapse of the Roman Empire, tribal groups had started to develop and by 800 AD had each established their own legislative and adjudicatory assemblies, known as things.


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Further Reading

  1. Statistisk Årbok; Statistical Yearbook of Norway. Economic survey0konomiske AnalyserHistorisk Statistikk; Historical Statistics. Statistisk Månedshefte Google Scholar
  2. Norges Statskalender. From 1816; annual from 1877Google Scholar
  3. Petersson, O., The Government and Politics of the Nordic Countries. Stockholm, 1994Google Scholar
  4. Turner, Barry, (ed.) Scandinavia Profiled. Macmillan, London, 2000Google Scholar
  5. National library: The National Library of Norway, Drammensveien 42b, 0255 Oslo.Google Scholar
  6. National Statistical Office: Statistics Norway, PB 8131 Dep., N-0033 Oslo.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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