• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The first settlers of the New World arrived in Alaska from Asia about 15,000 years ago. From about 2000 BC the people of Ancient Mexico began to settle in villages and to cultivate maize and other crops. From about 1000 BC the chief tribes were the Olmec on the Gulf Coast, the Maya in the Yucatán peninsula and modern day Chiapas, the Zapotecs and Mixtecs in Oaxaca, the Tarascans in Michoacán and the Toltecs in central Mexico. One of the largest and most powerful cities in ancient Mexico was Teotihuacán, which in the 6th century AD was one of the six largest cities in the world. By the time the Spanish conquistadore. arrived in 1519, the dominant people were the Mexica, more commonly known as the Aztecs, whose capital Tenochtitlán became Mexico City after the conquest.


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Further Reading

  1. Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Anuario Estadístico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. Mexican Bulletin of Statistical Information. Quarterly.Google Scholar
  2. Aspe, P., Economic Transformation: the Mexican Way. Cambridge (MA), 1993Google Scholar
  3. Bartra, R., Agrarian Structure and Political Power in Mexico. Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1993Google Scholar
  4. Bethell, L. (ed.) Mexico since Independence. CUP, 1992Google Scholar
  5. Camp, R. A., Politics in Mexico. 2nd ed. OUP, 1996Google Scholar
  6. Hamnett, Brian R., A Concise History of Mexic. CUP, 1999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Krauze, E., Mexico, Biography of Power: A History of Modern Mexico, 1810–199. London, 1997Google Scholar
  8. Philip, G. (ed.) The Presidency in Mexican Politics. London, 1991.Google Scholar
  9. Philip, G.— Mexico. [Bibliography] 2nd ed. ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar
  10. Rodríguez, J. E., The Evolution of the Mexican Political System. New York, 1993Google Scholar
  11. Ruíz, R. E., Triumphs and Tragedy: a History of the Mexican People. New York, 1992Google Scholar
  12. Turner, Barry (ed.) Latin America Profled. Macmillan, London, 2000Google Scholar
  13. Whiting, V. R., The Political Economy of Foreign Investment in Mexico: Nationalism, Liberalism, Constraints on Choice. Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1992Google Scholar
  14. National Statistical Office: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI), Aguascalientes.Google Scholar
  15. Website (Spanish only:

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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