• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


At the time of Tatar-Mongol domination of Russia, Lithuania annexed Russian lands until by the middle of the 15th century Belorussia, along with those parts of Russia and Ukraine as far as the Black Sea, were under its rule. Lithuania united with Poland dynastically in 1385 and politically in 1569. During the partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth by Russia, Prussia and Austria in the 18th century, Lithuania yielded its Russian territories and was absorbed into the Russian empire in 1795. Following the German occupation during the First World War and the Russian revolution on 16 Feb. 1918, heavy fghting occurred between the Soviet, German, Polish and Lithuanian forces. In April 1919 the Soviets withdrew and the re-formed Lithuanian government established a democratic republic. Lithuanian independence was recognized by the Treaty of Versailles. In Dec. 1926 the democratic regime was overthrown by a coup. the secret protocol of the Soviet-German frontier treaty of 23 Sept. 1939 assigned the greater part of Lithuania to the Soviet sphere of infuence. Lithuania became a Soviet Socialist Republic of the USSR on 3 Aug. 1940.


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Further Reading

  1. Department of Statistics to the Government. Statistical Yearbook of Lithuania – Economic and Social Development in Lithuania. Monthly.Google Scholar
  2. Hood, N., et al. (eds.) Transition in the Baltic States. 1997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Lieven, A., the Baltic Revolution: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and the Path to Independence. 2nd ed. Yale Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  4. Misiunas, R. J. and Taagepera, R., the Baltic States: the Years of Dependence, 1940–91. 2nd ed. Farnborough, 1993Google Scholar
  5. Smith, I. A. and Grunts, M. V., the Baltic States. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar
  6. Vardys, V. S. and Sedaitis, J. B., Lithuania: the Rebel Nation. Boulder (CO), 1997Google Scholar
  7. National Statistical Ofce: Department of Statistics to the Government, Gedimino Pr. 29, LT 01 500 Vilnius. Director General: Algirdas Gediminas Semeta.Google Scholar
  8. Website:

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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