• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The first human habitation in Canada dates from the last stages of the Pleistocene Ice Age up to 30,000 years ago. Mongoloid tribes from Asia crossed the Bering Strait by a land bridge in search of mammoth, bison and elk. These hunter-gatherers were the forefathers of some of Canada’s native people referred to today as the First Nations. There are currently two other Aboriginal groups; the Inuit (Arctic people, formerly known as Eskimos) and the Métis. The Inuit were one of the last groups to arrive, around 1000 BC, whereas the Métis evolved from the union of natives and Europeans (mostly French).


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Canadian Annual Review. From 1960Google Scholar
  2. Canadian Encyclopedia. 2nd ed. 4 vols. Edmonton, 1988Google Scholar
  3. Brown, R. C., An Illustrated History of Canada. Toronto, 1991Google Scholar
  4. Cook, C., Canada after the Referendum of 1992. McGill-Queens Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  5. Dawson, R. M. and Dawson, W. F., Democratic Government in Canada. 5th ed. Toronto Univ. Press, 1989Google Scholar
  6. Ingles, E., Canada. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1990Google Scholar
  7. Jackson, R. J., Politics in Canada: Culture, Institutions, Behaviour and Public Policy. 2nd ed. Scarborough (Ont.), 1990Google Scholar
  8. Longille, P., Changing the Guard: Canada’s Defence in a World in Transition. Toronto Univ. Press, 1991Google Scholar
  9. Silver, A. I. (ed.) Introduction to Canadian History. London, 1994Google Scholar
  10. Other more specialized titles are listed under CONSTITUTION AND GOVERNMENT above. Google Scholar
  11. National library: Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. Librarian and Archivist of Canada: Ian E. Wilson.Google Scholar
  12. National Statistical Office: Statistics Canada, Ottawa, K1A 0T6.Google Scholar
  13. Savage, H., Kroetsch, R., Wiebe, R., Alberta. NeWest Press, 1993Google Scholar
  14. Economic Development Edmonton, Edmonton Info: Edmonton’s Official Fact Book 1999. Edmonton, 1999Google Scholar
  15. Statistical office: Alberta Finance, Statistics, Room 259, Terrace Bldg, 9515–107 St., Edmonton, AB T5K 2C3.Google Scholar
  16. Barman, J., The West beyond the West: a History of British Columbia. Toronto Univ. Press, 1991Google Scholar
  17. Statistical office: BC STATS, Ministry of Finance and Corporate Relations, P.O. Box 9410, Stn. Prov. Govt., Victoria V8W 9V1.Google Scholar
  18. General Information: Inquiries may be addressed to Manitoba Government Inquiry. Google Scholar
  19. Industrial Information: Dept. of Business New Brunswick, Fredericton. Economic Information: Dept. of Finance, New Brunswick Statistics Agency, Fredericton. General Information: Communications New Brunswick, Fredericton.Google Scholar
  20. Statistical office: Newfoundland Labrador Statistics Agency, POB 8700, St. John’s, NL A1B 4J6.Google Scholar
  21. Nova Scotia Statistical Review. N. S. Department of Finance, Halifax, 2005Google Scholar
  22. Nova Scotia at a Glance. N. S. Department of Finance, Halifax, 2005Google Scholar
  23. Statistical office: Statistics Division, Department of Finance, POB 187, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3J 2N3.Google Scholar
  24. Statistical Information: Annual publications of the Ontario Ministry of Finance include: Ontario Statistics; Ontario Budget; Public Accounts; Financial Report. Google Scholar
  25. Dickinson, J. A. and Young, B., A Short History of Quebec. 2nd ed. Harlow, 1994Google Scholar
  26. Gagnon, A.- G., Québec. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1998Google Scholar
  27. Young, R. A., The Secession of Quebec and the Future of Canada. McGill-Queen’s Univ. Press, 1995Google Scholar
  28. Statistical office: Institut de la statistique du Québec, 200 chemin Sainte-Foy, Québec, G1R 5T4. Website:
  29. Archer, J. H., Saskatchewan: A History. Saskatoon, 1980Google Scholar
  30. Arora, V., The Saskatchewan Bibliography. Regina, 1980Google Scholar
  31. Statistical office: Bureau of Statistics, 5th Floor, 2350 Albert St., Regina, SK, S4P 4A6.Google Scholar
  32. Northwest Territories—2004: By the Numbers. Yellowknife, 2004Google Scholar
  33. Zaslow, M., The Opening of the Canadian North 1870–1914. Toronto, 1971Google Scholar
  34. The Nunavut Handbook, Ayaya, Iqaluit, 2004Google Scholar
  35. Annual Report of the Government of the Yukon. Google Scholar
  36. Yukon Executive Council, Annual Statistical Review. Google Scholar
  37. Berton, P., Klondike. (Rev. ed.) Toronto, 1987Google Scholar
  38. Coates, K. and Morrison, W., Land of the Midnight Sun: A History of the Yukon. Edmonton, 1988Google Scholar
  39. There is a Yukon Archive at Yukon College, Whitehorse.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations