• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Records date back to 9 BC, when the Romans subdued the Celts to establish the Western region as Pannonia, centred on Aquincum. From the 5th century Romans and Celts retreated before the Huns who were followed by the Avars in the 7th century and the Magyars in the 9th. It was then that the name On ogur (‘ten arrows’) was given to the Magyar federation that was to become Hungary. The founding of Hungary is put at 896 after which Árpád, leader of one of the Magyar tribes, forged a dynasty that ruled Hungary until 1301. The death of Andrew III, the last Árpád, led to a seven-year interregnum, after which, with two exceptions, Hungary was ruled by foreign kings.

Magyar Köztársaság (Hungarian Republic)


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Further Reading

  1. Central Statistical Office. Statisztikai Évkönyv. Annual since 1871.—Magyar Statisztikai Zsebkönyv. Annual.—Statistical Yearbook.—Statistical Handbook of Hungary.—Monthly Bulletin of Statistics.Google Scholar
  2. Bozóki, A., et al., (eds.) Post-Communist Transition: Emerging Pluralism in Hungary. London, 1992Google Scholar
  3. Burawoy, M. and Lukács, J., The Radiant Past: Ideology and Reality in Hungary’s Road to Capitalism. Chicago Univ. Press, 1992Google Scholar
  4. Cox, T. and Furlong, A. (eds.) Hungary: the Politics of Transition. London, 1995Google Scholar
  5. Geró, A., Modern Hungarian Society in the Making: the Unfinished Experience; translated from Hungarian. Budapest, 1995Google Scholar
  6. Mitchell, K. D. (ed.) Political Pluralism in Hungary and Poland: Perspectives on the Reforms. New York, 1992Google Scholar
  7. Molnár, Miklós, A Concise History of Hungary. CUP, 2001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Sárközi, Mátyás, Budapest. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1997Google Scholar
  9. Szekely, I. P., Hungary: an Economy in Transition. CUP, 1993Google Scholar
  10. Turner, Barry, (ed.) Central Europe Profiled. Macmillan, London, 2000Google Scholar
  11. National library: Széchenyi Library, Budapest.Google Scholar
  12. National statistical office: Központi Statisztikai Hivatal/Central Statistical Office, Keleti Károly u. 5/7, H-1024 Budapest. Director: Dr Péter Pukli.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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