República Federativa do Brasil
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Before the Portuguese discovery and occupation of Brazil there was an indigenous population of 2•5m. at the beginning of the 16th century. The first Portuguese contact with Brazil was Pedro Alvares Cabral who left Lisbon in 1500 to sail along the Cape of Good Hope route discovered by Vasco da Gama in 1497–98. Setting a more westerly course he was carried farther westward, landing in a place he named Terra do Brasil. Early Portuguese economic activity in Brazil revolved around the exploitation of the huge timber (Brazilwood) resources. This was superseded by sugarcane and, to a lesser extent, tobacco, industries requiring large-scale labour. Millions of Africans were enslaved and shipped to the region.


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Further Reading

  1. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Anuário Estatístico do Brasil.—Censo Demográfico de 1991.—Indicadores IBGE. MonthlyGoogle Scholar
  2. Boletim do Banco Central do Brasil. Banco Central do Brasil. Brasília. MonthlyGoogle Scholar
  3. Baer, W., The Brazilian Economy: Growth and Development. 4th ed. New York, 1995Google Scholar
  4. Dickenson, John, Brazil. [Bibliography] 2nd ed. ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1997Google Scholar
  5. Eakin, Marshall C., Brazil: The Once and Future Country. New York, 1997Google Scholar
  6. Fausto, Boris, A Concise History of Brazil. CUP, 1999Google Scholar
  7. Font, M. A., Coffee, Contention and Change in the Making of Modern Brazil. Oxford, 1990Google Scholar
  8. Guirmaraes, R. P., Politics and Environment in Brazil: Ecopolitics of Development in the Third World. New York, 1991Google Scholar
  9. Stepan, A. (ed.) Democratizing Brazil: Problems of Transition and Consolidation. OUP, 1993Google Scholar
  10. Turner, Barry, (ed.) Latin America Profiled. Macmillan, London, 2000Google Scholar
  11. Welch, J. H., Capital Markets in the Development Process: the Case of Brazil. London, 1992Google Scholar
  12. For other more specialized titles see under CONSTITUTION AND GOVERNMENT above.Google Scholar
  13. National library: Biblioteca Nacional, Avenida Rio Branco 21939, Rio de Janeiro, RJ.Google Scholar
  14. National statistical office: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), Rua General Canabarro 666, 20.271–201 Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, RJ.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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