International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
Origin. Founded in Geneva in Feb. 1863. From its outset the ICRC saw that volunteers could act effectively on the battlefield, without risking rejection by officers and soldiers, only if they could be told apart from ordinary civilians by a distinctive emblem and were protected from fighting.
KeywordsArmed Conflict Geneva Convention Sanitation Project Humanitarian Rule Collective Obligation
- Moorehead, Caroline, Dunant’s Dream: War, Switzerland and the History of the Red Cross. HarperCollins, London, 1998Google Scholar