Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
The Agency (Organismo para la Proscription de las Armas Nucleares en la America Latina y el Caribe) was established following the Cuban missile crisis to guarantee implementation of the world’s first Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone (NWFZ) in the region. Created by the Treaty of Tlatelolco (1967), OPANAL is an inter-governmental agency responsible for ensuring that the requirements of the Treaty are enforced. OPANAL has played a major role in establishing other NWFZs throughout the world. Organization. The Agency consists of three main bodies: the General Conference which meets for biennial sessions and special sessions when deemed necessary; the Council of OPANAL consisting of five member states which meet every two months plus special meetings when necessary; and the Secretariat General.